Pubs and Papers

Research can take many forms and lead to many different outcomes. The ultimate goal is sustainability – for the landscape, Iowa’s people and natural resources. Below is a list of intermediate outcomes of Leopold Center-supported projects, partnerships and activities. Included are extension publications, in-house research projects, informative presentations and other reports – all with some link to the Leopold Center.

Leopold Center Document These materials were written, reviewed or presented by Leopold Center staff. All other materials are related or based on projects supported by the Leopold Center.

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August, 2015
Municipal Zoning for Local Foods in Iowa
Andrea Vaage and Gary Taylor, Department of Community and Regional Planning, Iowa State University

This 114-page guidebook offers practical guidance and sample zoning code language designed to reduce the barriers to, and promote production and sales activities commonly associated with urban agriculture. It was produced as part of a 2014 Leopold Center Policy Initiative competitive grant. More about this project and listen to an archived webinar.

PDF icon 2015-09-municipal-zoning-local-foods-iowa.pdf
August, 2015
Nutrient Management: Completed Leopold Center Grants 1988-2015
Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

This summarizes information about 94 projects related to nutrient management and supported by the Leopold Center from 1988 through 2015. Titles, key words, investigators and abstracts are included for each project and issue team. More about the Leopold Center's work to manage nutrients.

PDF icon 2015-09-nutrient-management-completed-leopold-center-grants-1988-2012.pdf
June, 2015
Agricultural Urbanism Toolkit
Courtney Long, ISU Community Design Lab

The Agricultural Urbanism Toolkit booklet is a resource for communities to learn about Agricultural Urbanism and 19 tactics used to develop local food systems. Goals, benefits, outcomes and best management practices are provided for each tactic. Information is based on Iowa communities that have partnered in the Agricultural Urbanism Toolkit design process funded by two Leopold Center grants. This publication also can be found in the ISU Extension Store (ID is LF-0007).

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June, 2015
A Resource Guide for Beginning Farmers
Alice Topoloff and ISU Extension and Outreach local foods team

People interested in hosting a farmer training program (incubator or other) will find the resources in this publication useful to teach a Beginning Farmer Training program. The curriculum in this manual is divided into three parts: production practices, post-harvest handling, and business planning/basic finances. Each module is organized by learning objectives and includes narrative, hands-on activities, and links to worksheets and additional resources. This also also can be found at the ISU Extension Store (ID is LF-0006).

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May, 2015
Local Food System Toolkit #2: Managing Cash Flow for a Low-Capital Food Hub Start-up
Nick McCann, Savanna Lyons and Georgeanne Artz

For food hubs, or businesses that aggregate and distribute local food, limited funds can be a barrier to growth. This publication explains the idea of cash flow and how food hub managers can use it to their advantage, drawing on the real-world experiences of the Iowa Food Hub, which collaborated with the Leopold Center and ISU Extension and Outreach to compile this information. Also available at the ISU Extension Store. More about food hubs.

PDF icon 2015-06-local-food-system-toolkit-2-managing-cash-flow-low-capital-food-hub-start.pdf
April, 2015
Prairie Strips on My Land: Frequently Asked Questions
Mary Harris, ISU Natural Resource Ecology and Management, and Jeri Neal, Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

This 16-page guide offers brief answers to common questions about the new prairie strips conservation practice that uses strategically-placed native prairie plantings in crop fields. The practice was developed and tested by the STRIPS (Science-based Trials of Rowcrops Integrated with Prairie Strips) Research Team at the Neal Smith National Wildlife Refuge in Iowa. More about the STRIPS Research Team.

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August, 2014
Crop Insurance Considerations for Non-Operating Land Owners in the Face of Extreme Weather
Ellen Essman, Drake University Agricultural Law Center

Farmers have a number of tools to use in managing agricultural risk. This summary examines the relationship between one of those tools—crop insurance—and extreme weather. The paper focuses on how non-operating landowners (NOLs) might consider the relationship between crop insurance and conservation practices on their farms. This project was supported by a Leopold Center Policy Initiative grant in 2013 that included 18 in-depth interviews with non-operator landowners and farmers. Read a summary of those interivews [PDF]. More resources on Drake University's SALT Initiative website, sustainablefarmlease.org

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January, 2015
Food Hub Development in Iowa
Arlene Enderton and Corry Bregendahl, Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

This 25-page report is from the first coordinated study of food hub development in Iowa. Two surveys of food hub managers and local food coordinators identified 31 food hubs or centers of food hub-related activity that serve Iowa markets. Work was funded by a grant from Ag Ventures Alliance and the USDA's Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education (SARE) program with support from the Leopold Center. Or read a two-page summary of findings [PDF]. Also, download the recommendations report on the next steps for strategically developing Iowa Food Hubs here [PDF]. Read a news release and newsletter article about this report. More about food hubs on this page.

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October, 2005
Investigation of Strategic Partnership Opportunities with Iowa Convenience Store Retailers
John Norwood, Sue Futrell and Mary Holz-Clause

This is a final report of a project funded by the  Regional Food Systems Working Group. Investigators surveyed buyers representing 108 of the 180 convenience stores in the Des Moines urban area and a corresponding rural area of Iowa about the opportunitites for Iowa producers to market local products, primarily fresh fruit and vegetables.

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December, 2014
Iowans’ Perspectives on Targeted Approaches for Multiple-Benefit Agriculture
J. Gordon Arbuckle Jr., John C. Tyndall, and Emily Sorensen

As part of the STRIPS project, more than 1,000 Iowans were surveyed to learn about expectations for the state’s agricultural sector, concerns about environmental quality and willingness to support greater public investment in policies and programs that work toward more resilient, productive agricultural landscapes that provide multiple benefits. The survey results are summarized in this report (also Sociology Technical Report 1038). Learn more about STRIPS. Find more Sociology Technical Reports.

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July, 2014
Grazing native plants in Iowa: Processes and experiences
Mary Wiedenhoeft and Rachael Cox

Find out how grazing livestock on Iowa prairies and grasslands can balance economics with ecology, benefiting both the land manager and the producer. Compares available nutrients and costs of various grasses, forbs, and hay. Describes relationship between grazing native plants and increasing wildlife diversity. Profiles six operations including graziers, land managers, and conservationists. Based on a research project conducted at Whiterock Conservancy. This publication also can be found at the ISU Extension Store [look for PMR 1011]

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November, 2014
2014 Local Food Champions
Arlene Enderton, Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

These are stories of nine local food champions who support development of local food systems in Iowa. These profiles were produced for an evaluation of the Regional Food Systems Working Group (RFSWG). See the full 2013 Economic Impacts report or a two-page summary. Visit the Economic Impacts of Local Food in Iowa page for additional information.

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November, 2013
2013 Local Food Champions

In Iowa, local food is turning heads and returning profits. We gathered these stories featuring some of Iowa's local food champtions in action to illustrate a few examples of how regional and local food systems are being built in Iowa. All were produced as part of an evaluation of the Regional Food Systems Working Group, or RFSWG, by the Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture. (Download the full 2012 Economic Impacts report or the two-page impact brief connected to these stories.) Like the economic data collected by RFSWG members throughout the state, these profiles are not visions of how a local food system could work but concrete examples of how local food systems are already working in Iowa. Most of the profiles were written by Leopold Center program assistant Arlene Enderton, who helped compile data for the report. Visit our our Economic Impacts of Local Food in Iowa page for links to individual local food champion stories and additional information.

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December, 2014
Supporting Local Food System Development in Your Community
Ahna Kruzic and Corry Bregendahl, Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

This guide provides local government officials, community activists and others with seven steps to help organize and promote the development of a local food system in your community. This publication also can be found at the ISU Extension Store (ID is LF 0002).

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November, 2014
Agroforestry on the Farm: Hazelnut Case Study
Jeff Jensen, Trees Forever

This case study of Roger and Joyce Jensen's hazelnut operation was prepared as part of a 2013 research grant to evaluate the potential return on investment for growing  perennial crops in Iowa. Additional resources are offered in A Landowners Guide to Perennial Crop Options, also developed by Trees Forever. Winter 2014 newsletter article.

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November, 2014
Agroforestry on the Farm: Elderberry Case Study
Jeff Jensen, Trees Forever

This case study of Natura Farms elderberry operation was prepared as part of a 2013 research grant to evaluate the potential return on investment for growing  perennial crops in Iowa. Additional resources are offered in A Landowners Guide to Perennial Crop Options, also developed by Trees Forever. Winter 2014 newsletter article.

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November, 2014
Agroforestry on the Farm: Christmas Tree Case Study
Jeff Jensen, Trees Forever

This case study of Mark Fisher's Christmas tree operation was prepared as part of a 2013 research grant to evaluate the potential return on investment for growing  perennial crops in Iowa. Additional resources are offered in A Landowners Guide to Perennial Crop Options, also developed by Trees Forever. Winter 2014 newsletter article.

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November, 2014
Agroforestry on the Farm: Chinese Chesnut Case Study
Jeff Jensen, Trees Forever

This case study of John Wittrig's chesnut operation was prepared as part of a 2013 research grant to evaluate the potential return on investment for growing  perennial crops in Iowa. Additional resources are offered in A Landowners Guide to Perennial Crop Options, also developed by Trees Forever.

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November, 2014
Agroforestry on the Farm: Black Walnut Case Study
Jeff Jensen, Trees Forever

This case study of Bill and Geri Hanson's black walnut enterprise was prepared as part of a 2013 research grant to evaluate the potential return on investment for growing  perennial crops in Iowa. Additional resources are offered in A Landowners Guide to Perennial Crop Options, also developed by Trees Forever. Winter 2014 newsletter article.

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November, 2014
Agroforestry on the Farm: Aronia Berry Case Study
Jeff Jensen, Trees Forever

This case study of Larry and Nancy Turner's aronia berry operation was prepared as part of a 2013 research grant to evaluate the potential return on investment for growing  perennial crops in Iowa. Additional resources are offered in A Landowners Guide to Perennial Crop Options, also developed by Trees Forever. Winter 2014 newsletter article.

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June, 2014
A Landowners Guide to Perennial Crop Options
Jeff Jensen, Trees Forever

This document summarizes management practices, production data, pricing information, tips for success, enterprise worksheets and a financial model showing the potential return on investment for growing six perennial crops: aronia berry, black walnuts, chestnuts, Christmas trees, elderberries and hazelnuts. The guide and case studies for each crop also are available from Trees Forever. Work was conducted as part of a 2013 research grant. Winter 2014 newsletter article.

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May, 2008
Reports from 2008 SARE Conference Scholarship Winners
Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

These are reports from 10 Iowans who attended the 2008 20th Anniversary conference of the USDA's Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education (SARE) program, and what they learned at the three-day gathering in Kansas City, Missouri. All received scholarships from the Leopold Center to attend the conference. The scholarships were made possible from a gift to the Leopold Center from Chipotle Mexican Grill. Details about this project.

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October, 2014
Impact Brief: 2013 Economic Impacts of Iowa's Regional Food Systems Working Group
Corry Bregendahl and Arlene Enderton, Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

This is a summary of an 18-page report: 2013 Economic Impacts of Iowa's Regional Food Systems Working  Group. The report looks at the statewide impact of the local foods sector on Iowa's economy, based on data collected in 2012 and 2013 by local food coordinators who are part of RFSWG. Additional details on this page. Read stories of local food champions associated with this report.

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October, 2014
2013 Economic Impacts of Iowa's Regional Food Systems Working Group
Arlene Enderton and Corry Bregendahl, Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

This 18-page report offers a two-year look at the statewide impact of the local foods sector on Iowa's economy, based on an evaluation of the efforts of the Regional Food Systems Working Group (RFSWG). The evaluation measured four indicators of economic change: local food sales by farmers, local food purchases by grocery stores, restaurants and institutions, job creation and funds leveraged to support development of regional food systems. Local food coordinators collected data in 2012 and 2013. Additional information on this page and in the 2013 report. See also our Winter 2014 newsletter article. Read stories of local food champions associated with this report.

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May, 2013
Agroforestry Case Study: Chestnuts at Red Fern Farm
Mid-American Agroforestry Working Group

This is a case study of Red Fern Farm, a family-owned nursery and tree farm in southeast iowa owned by Tom Wahl and Kathy Dice. One of their primary crops are chestnuts. The case study outlines their farm management practices, lessons learned and marketing and economic concerns. More about this working group. Winter 2014 newsletter article.

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June, 2013
Agroforestry Case Study: Elderberry Business on Historic Farm
Mid-American Agroforestry Working Group

This is a case study of East Grove Farm near  Salem, Iowa, that spepcializes in elderberries and other heritage crops, in addition to starting a winery. The case study outlines management practices, lessons learned and marketing and economic concerns of the operation. More about the working group.

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May, 2013
Agroforestry Case Study: Silvopasture at Early Boots Farm
Mid-American Agroforestry Working Group

This case study of Early Boots Farm near Sauk Centre, Minn., shows how Tyler Carlson incorporates trees into pasture settings to raise lowline angus cattle. This agroforestry practice is called silvopasture. The case study outlines lessons that Carlson has learned and benefits from this practice. More about this working group.

PDF icon 2013-06-agroforestry-case-study-silvopasture-early-boots-farm.pdf
September, 2009
GBLWG Case Studies: Improving Iowa Grasslands with Managed Grazing
Lynn Betts and the Grass-Based Livestock Working Group

This is a summary of five case studies conducted by the Grass-based Livestock Working Group to show how managed grazing can improve Iowa grasslands. The studies covered short rotations, grazing the prairie, CRP in rotation, grass banks and goats. More about the Grass-based Livestock Working Group.

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September, 2009
GBLWG Case Study: Grassbanks
Lynn Betts and the Grass-Based Livestock Working Group

This case study looked at a pilot project by Loess Hills State Forest in western Iowa to set up a grass bank, which matches cattlement who need pasture while they renovate their own pastures with public and private land managers who want more diversity in their grasslands. The project seemed to be a win-win for land mnagers and the cattlemen involved in the study.  More about the Grass-based Livestock Working Group.

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September, 2009
GBLWG Case Study: Grazing CRP
Lynn Betts and the Grass-Based Livestock Working Group

This case study looked at a Decatur County farmer in Iowa who was able to graze land under contract in the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP), which is allowed by request under certain conditions. The controlled grazing helped supplement forage of other pastures and prepared the land for interseeding and other management practices. More about the Grass-based Livestock Working Group.

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September, 2009
GBLWG Case Study: Grass Farmer Dan Specht
Lynn Betts and the Grass-Based Livestock Working Group

This case study looked at Dan Specht's grassland farming operation in northeast Iowa. Rotational grazing helps him manage pastures to maximize profits and offer habitat to birds and other wildlife. More about the Grass-based Livestock Working Group.

PDF icon 2014-10-gblwg-case-study-grass-farmer-dan-specht.pdf
September, 2009
GBLWG Case Study: Grazing Goats
Lynn Betts and the Grass-Based Livestock Working Group

This case study looked at controlled grazing of goats in Marshall County in central Iowa. The animals helped clean us brush, weeds and other unwanted plants but the system requires good fences. More about the Grass-based Livestock Working Group.

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September, 2009
GBLWG Case Study: Broken Kettle Grasslands
Lynn Betts and the Grass-Based Livestock Working Group

This case study considered Broken Kettle Grassland Preserve in the Loess hills of northwest Iowa where bison and cattle graze the state's largest prairie. The controlled grazing is bringing more diversity to the region and produced good results for both the prairie and local graziers. More about the Grass-based Livestock Working Group.

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October, 2014
Success Stories: Helping Iowa Producers
Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

One of our Success Stories in Sustainable Agriculture, this publication is a case study on assistant horticulture professor Ajay Nair's work setting up Iowa State University's Sustainable Vegetable Production Lab, a research and education program to help small producers in Iowa. Learn more about Nair's 2014 Leopold Center grant. Fall 2014 newsletter article. Other success stories.

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October, 2014
Best Practices of the Regional Food Systems Working Group
Members of the Regional Food Systems Working Group and the Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

This is a working document of the Regional Food Systems Working Group that outlines some of the best practices for developing a local food system in the areas of coalition building, fundraising, promotion of local food, events and celebrations, producer training and workshops, sales to institutions, farm-to-school and fulfilling the facilitation/connector role. It was compiled from information submitted by regional coordinators of the RFSWG. This is an accompanying document of information contributed by those members [PDF].

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September, 2014
Funding Opportunities in Local Foods
Ahna Kruzic, Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

This study presents information about 31 federal, state and private grant programs that are available as funding sources for development of local food systems. The summary includes name of the program, general eligibility and deadlines, and website links for further details. News item about this resource

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June, 2014
Trust Ownership: Farm Land and Conservation
Drake Agricultural Law Center

This offers an overview of Iowa law related to trusts for ownership of farm land, and how to promote conservation and sustainability when the trust is set up. It was produced as part of the Sustainable Agricultural Land Tenure (SALT) Initiative, a collaboration of the Drake Agricultural Law Center and the Leopold Center. Additional resources are at www.sustainablefarmlease.org.

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May, 2014
Local Food and Farm Program Final Report - 2014
Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

This is the final report to the Iowa legislature that describes the Local Food and Farm Initiative (LFFI) program during its third year and progress in business development and financial assistance, beginning and minority farmers, and incentives for local food productions. The report outlines other work by the Leopold Center and Extension's Iowa Food System Working Group that contribute to LFFI.

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July, 2014
Local Food Coordinators
Alice Topaloff and Craig Chase, Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture SP463

Local Food Coordinators support the development of local food systems by bringing participants together and increasing community awareness through educational and promotional marketing. This publication provides resources to groups and organizations who are developing a local foods coordinator position, complete with a position description.

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October, 2013
Success Stories: Saturated Buffers
Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

One of our Success Stories in Sustainable Agriculture, this publication is a case study on how researchers have built on existing work of the Leopold Center -- riparian buffers -- to improve its effectiveness in treating farm runoff by creating a saturated buffer. Learn more about the 2010 and 2013 Leopold Center grants that supported this project. Other success stories.

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July, 2013
Success Stories: Refugee Incubator Farm
Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

One of our Success Stories in Sustainable Agriculture, this publication is a case study of Global Greens Farm in West Moines, where refugees receive on-the-farm training to help them launch their own enterprises. Learn more about the Leopold Center grant that supported this project. Other success stories.

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November, 2013
Success Stories: Dream to Farm
Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

One of our Success Stories in Sustainable Agriculture, this publication is a case study about a course created and offered at Iowa Western Community College to prepare students to produce food on small parcels of land for local markets. Learn more about the Leopold Center grant that supported this project. Other success stories.

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August, 2014
Success Stories: MarketMaker for Iowa
Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

One of our Success Stories in Sustainable Agriculture, this publication is a case study on the creation of Iowa MarketMaker, a database and website that has helped over 15,000 Iowa food businesses connect with one another and find new markets for their products. Check out the resource at www.marketmakeriowa.com. Learn more about the Leopold Center grant that supported this project. Other success stories.

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August, 2014
Shared-use Kitchen Planning Toolkit
Alice Topaloff, Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

This is a guide to starting a shared-use kitchen as an affordable venue for new and existing value-added food production entrepreneuers, farmers and caterers. The 44-page toolkit includes insights from five shared-use kitchens operating outside Iowa, as well as perspectives from several people who are starting their own facility. News release  Newsletter article about a shared-use kitchen being developed in Des Moines

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March, 2002
The Future of Agrarianism: Where Are We Now?
Frederick Kirschenmann

This was presented at the 25th anniversary conference of the publication of Wendell Berry's The Unsettling of America, April 25-27, 2002, Georgetown University. He notes the move to a bifurcated food and farming system with increasingly large farms that produce a single, undifferentiated bulk commodity for world markets compared to very small farms the sell products with many specific attributes directly to the customer, and the social, economic and biophysical changes that have occured.

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April, 2002
A Revolution in Agriculture
Frederick Kirschenmann

In this paper, presented at the Glynwood Center's Connecting Communities, Farmers and Food conference, Kirschenmann argues that a growing number of consumers want to know where their food comes from and that is was produced using good environmental stewardship. At the same time, some farmers rely on natural rather than technical systems in production agriculture.

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May, 2014
Machinery Sharing Manual for Fruit and Vegetable Growers
Iowa State University Extension and Outreach PM3064

This manual discusses operational and organizational issues related to sharing farm machinery for fruit and vegetable production. It includes five real-life case studies of growers who shared equipment, sample sharing agreements and worksheets for allocating costs fairly. Options for sharing, potential problems and strategies are discussed. The project was supported by a 2012 Leopold Center research grant and a one-year 2013 research grant.

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June, 2014
Local Food System Toolkit 1: Developing a Worksite Food Box Program
Savanna Lyons, Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture; Nick McCann, Teresa Wiemerslage and Nick Mabe

This is a guide for creating a program for pre-packed food boxes delivered weekly and picked up by employees at their workplaces. It is marketed to employers, such as businesses, universities and hospitals who want locally grown food more accessible for their employees. This was a collaboration with the Iowa Food Hub and ISU Extension and Outreach. News release  More about food hubs.

PDF icon 2014-07-local-food-system-toolkit-1-developing-worksite-food-box-program.pdf
May, 2014
Production Planning for Aggregators
Savanna Lyons, Leopold Center; and Mary Oldham, Value Chain Cluster Initiative

This 21-page guide is designed for aggregators -- businesses and organizations that create a single sales outlet through which large-volume buyers can purchase products from several local farmers. This fact sheet reviews the basics of coordinated production planning, explains how aggregators operate, and suggests things to consider when getting started. Examples are included from other aggregators. Newsletter article about the local food team

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February, 2013
Organic Livestock Systems: Views of Veterinarians and Organic Producers
Jennifer O'Neill and Betty L. Wells for ISU Extension publication PM 3048

This publication reviews organic livestock systems and results from surveys of veterinarians and organic producers supported by a competitive Leopold Center research grant. This report also addresses the adequacy of current veterinary education about organic systems, offering perspectives from both veterinarians and organic livestock producers

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April, 2014
Funding Impact Brief: Sustainable Agricultural Land Tenure (SALT)
Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

This publication looks at what's been learned from research on sustainable land tenure arrangements through a special initiative with the Drake Agricultural Law Center, and other opportunities created by the Leopold Center's major investment in this work. More about this research here. More about the evaluation and other impacts of Leopold Center programs here.

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March, 2014
Diversity of Conventional Farming in Northeast Iowa: Why Do Farmers Farm the Way They Do?
Alice Topaloff, Leopold Center Intern

This is an historical case study of farm operations in the Upper Iowa Watershed of northeast Iowa that were shaped by the region's unique geography and culture. The study documents evolution of farming systems in the region over the past 80 years as farmers adapted to rapid economic and technological changes. News release

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March, 2015
Iowa CSA Farms
Leopold Center and ISU Extension and Outreach PM 1693

This directory lists 88 community supported agriculture (CSA) enterprises serving Iowa, shown by county and the 20 regions within ISU Extension and Outreach. The directory will be updated annually; to provide additions and modifications, please visit www.leopold.iastate.edu/csa. This publication also can be found at the ISU Extension Online Store.

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April, 2013
Designing a Resilient Agriculture for a Changing World: How Land Grant Universities Can Help
Leopold Center Distinguished Fellow Fred Kirschenmann

Land grant universities can help agriculture face major challenges in the future by focusing research on biodiversity, ecological and soil health, and providing resources for a knowledge-intensive production system that encourages private entrepreneurs. This was presented at a conference celebrating 150 years of the Morrill Act that established the land grant university system.

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April, 2012
Conservation Practices for Landlords
Mike Duffy and Lindsay Calvert, Iowa State University Economics Department

This Ag Decision Maker publication, A1-41, describes different conservation practices, their cost and where they can be used most effectively, followed by a short discussion of how landowners can set conservation goals for their land. Its production was supported by the Leopold Center Policy Initiative and Iowa Learning Farms. April 2014 comment and update [Ag Decision Maker newsletter]

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November, 2013
Crop Rotation Research Studies Residual Nitrate
Becky Ohrtman, Iowa Department of Natural Resources, Source Water Protection

This fact sheet summarizes research that was part of a five-year project to explore residual nitrate in a variety of cropping systems. The experiment was conducted on a farm in an area where the City of Sioux Center owns several shallow wells that supply more half of the municipal water supplies. The research was supported by this Leopold Center grant.

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January, 2013
Leopold Center Marketing and Food Systems Initiative Competitive Grants, 2011-2014
Corry Bregendahl and Arlene Enderton, Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

This is an evaluation of nine projects funded by competitive grants from the Leopold Center's Marketing and Food Systems Initiative between 2011 and 2014. For every dollar invested, another $1.20 was leveraged by project leaders and partners to create jobs, increase local foods commerce and access to healthy food, also improved food safety practices, with implications for new and young farmers as well as food processors.

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January, 2014
Local Food & Farm Initiative Program Outcomes and Impacts, 2011-2014
Corry Bregendahl and Arlene Enderton, Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

This is an evaluation of seven one-year food system projects funded by the Local Food & Farm Initiative (LFFI). The initiative is funded by an annual appropriation from the Iowa Legislature and administered from the Leopold Center. For ever dollar of LFFI investment in these projects, another $17.92 was leveraged by project leaders and their partners.

PDF icon 2014-02-local-food-and-farm-initiative-program-outcomes-and-impacts-2011-2014.pdf
June, 2014
Small Changes, Big Impacts: Prairie Conservation Strips
STRIPS Research Team and Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

This four-page publication describes work of the STRIPS Research Team, Science-based Trials of Row-crops Integrated with Prairie Strips, in the context of an Iowa landscape and agricultural production. Findings also are presented from the team's experimental watershed sites at the Neal Smith National Wildlife Refuge in Jasper County. News release

PDF icon 2014-07-small-changes-big-impacts-prairie-conservation-strips.pdf
December, 2013
Farmland Ownership and Tenure in Iowa, 2012
Mike Duffy and Ann Johanns, ISU Extension and Outreach PM-1983

This study, conducted every five years, indicates three major trends: increasing age of Iowa farmland owners, an increasing amount of land that is cash rented rather than by crop share agreements, and a shift of land ownership away from people who are not full-time residents.

PDF icon 2014-01-farmland-ownership-and-tenure-iowa-2012.pdf
December, 2013
Potential for Machinery: A Case Study of Fruit and Vegetable Growers in Iowa
Nicholas Pates and Georgeanne Artz, ISU Department of Economics

This 28-page publication describes field machinery used on six Iowa fruit and vegetable operations. The case studies looked at how size, diversification, marketing strategies and production methods impacted decisions regarding machinery. Here's a summary of the findings in a two-page handout [PDF] about the project that was supported by a 2012 Leopold Center research grant and a one-year 2013 research grant.

PDF icon 2014-01-potential-machinery-case-study-fruit-and-vegetable-growers-iowa.pdf
January, 2013
Principles of Iowa Drainage Law
Drake Agricultural Law Center

This provides a snapshot of Iowa laws pertaining to draining excessive moisture from the land - what landowners can do on their property with regard to collecting, channeling or diverting surface flow of water. It was produced as part of the Sustainable Agricultural Land Tenure (SALT) Initiative, a collaboration of the Drake Agricultural Law Center and the Leopold Center. Additional resources are at www.sustainablefarmlease.org.

PDF icon 2013-02-principles-iowa-drainage-law.pdf
July, 2013
Leasing the Farmstead to the New Small Farmer
Drake Agricultural Law Center

This offers an overview of Iowa law related to leasing a farmstead to someone engaged in niche farm marketing and factors that are not addressed in a typical farm lease. It was produced as part of the Sustainable Agricultural Land Tenure (SALT) Initiative, a collaboration of the Drake Agricultural Law Center and the Leopold Center. Additional resources are at www.sustainablefarmlease.org.

PDF icon 2013-08-leasing-farmstead-new-small-farmer.pdf
December, 2013
Landowner Resources for Sustainable Farm Leasing
Drake Agricultural Law Center

This trifold brochure explains the Sustainable Agricultural Land Tenure (SALT) Initiative, a collaboration of the Drake Agricultural Law Center and the Leopold Center. A number of resources have been created as part of this initiative including The Landowner's Guide to Sustainable Farm Leasing, The Landowner's Decision Tool, videos, podcasts, sample leases and other organizations.  Find them at www.sustainablefarmlease.org.

PDF icon 2014-01-landowner-resources-sustainable-farm-leasing.pdf
December, 2009
Sustainable Farm Leasing Quick Reference Guide
Drake Agricultural Law Center

This eight-page publication outlines basic information on the role of farm landowners and how farm lease agreements can help promote sustainability. It was produced as part of the Sustainable Agricultural Land Tenure (SALT) Initiative, a collaboration of the Drake Agricultural Law Center and the Leopold Center. Additional resources are at www.sustainablefarmlease.org.

PDF icon 2010-01-sustainable-farm-leasing-quick-reference-guide.pdf
October, 2014
Abstracts of Recent Leopold Center Projects
Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

Read abstracts of research, education and demonstration projects that received funds from the Leopold Center. The 32-page document includes more than 350 grant projects completed from 1996 through 2014, listed by topic and year of completion. Summaries of all project results are online. To receive a copy of a project's complete final report, contact the Leopold Center, (515) 294-3711.

PDF icon 2014-11-abstracts-recent-leopold-center-projects.pdf
October, 2013
Post-Harvest Handling Decision Tool
Chris Blanchard

Consultant Chris Blanchard outlines post-harvest equipment, packing facility and handling procedures for eight classes of vegetables, based on case studies of three produce operations in the Upper Midwest. Originally developed and published online in 2009 for the Leopold Center and the Iowa Fruit and Vegetable Working Group, the material was adapted to a print publication by the Center for Integrated Agricultural Systems at the University of Wisconsin. Here's the online tool.

PDF icon 2013-11-post-harvest-handling-decision-tool.pdf
October, 2013
Impact Brief: 2012 Economic Impacts of Iowa's Regional Food Systems Working Group
Corry Bregendahl and Arlene Enderton, Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

This two-page document summarizes the statewide impact of the local food industry on Iowa's economy in connection with efforts of the Regional Food Systems Working Group (RFSWG). The evaluation was conducted by the Leopold Center. Go to the full report here. Additional details on this page. Read stories of local food champions associated with this report.

PDF icon 2013-11-impact-brief-2012-economic-impacts-iowas-regional-food-systems-working-group.pdf
October, 2013
2012 Economic Impacts of Iowa's Regional Food Systems Working Group
Corry Bregendahl and Arlene Enderton, Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

This report summarizes the statewide impact of the local food industry on Iowa's economy in connection with efforts of the Regional Food Systems Working Group (RFSWG). The report measured four indicators of economic change: local food sales by farmers, local food purchases by grocery stores, restaurants and institutions, job creation and funds leveraged to support development of regional food systems. Additional information here. Read stories of local food champions associated with this report.

PDF icon 2013-11-2012-economic-impacts-iowas-regional-food-systems-working-group.pdf
September, 2013
Leopold Center Statement on Climate Change
Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

This position paper outlines the guiding principles that shape the Leopold Center's response to climate change, and how such a perspective influences its work in each of the four research initiatives: ecology, marketing and food systems, policy and cross-cutting. Information also is posted on the Leopold Center Climate Change web page.

PDF icon 2013-10-leopold-center-statement-climate-change.pdf
August, 2013
Funding Impact Brief: Practical Farmers of Iowa
Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

This publication looks at what's been learned from the Leopold Center's partnership with Practical Farmers of Iowa to support an on-farm Cooperators' Program and Field Days. The evaluation was conducted on six projects that have had major investments by the Leopold Center. More about the evaluation here.

This publication looks at what's been learned from the Bear Creek Watershed Demonstration Project in Story County, and other opportunities created by the Leopold Center's major investment in this work. More about this work, conducted by the Agroecology Research Team, here. - See more at: http://www.leopold.iastate.edu/pubs-and-papers/2013-06-funding-impact-br...
PDF icon 2013-09-funding-impact-brief-practical-farmers-iowa.pdf
August, 2013
Local Food and Farm Program Final Report - 2013
Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

This is the final report to the Iowa legislature that describes the Local Food and Farm Initiative (LFFI) program during its second year and progress in business development/financial assistance, beginning and minority farmers, and incentives for local food productions. The report outlines other work by the Leopold Center and Extension's Iowa Food System Working Group that contribute to LFFI.

PDF icon 2013-09-local-food-and-farm-program-final-report-2013.pdf
July, 2013
Managing Cropland for Nutrient Capture
Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

This publication summarizes nutrient management research supported by the Leopold Center at Iowa State University's Northeast Iowa Research and Demonstration Farm near Nashua. With some of the first funds awarded by the Leopold Center in 1988, the farm installed a state-of-the-art water quality monitoring system in 1988, which has been used for several long-running water quality research projects.

PDF icon 2013-08-managing-cropland-nutrient-capture.pdf
July, 2015
The Cost of Prairie Conservation Strips
Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

This two-page color fact sheet discusses estimated costs to install, establish and maintain prairie conservation strips on row-cropped farms. The information is adapted from research conducted by the STRIPs Research Team at the Neal Smith National Wildlife Refuge. The estimates (in 2015 dollars) also take into account annual opportunity costs of foregone rent or revenue loss associated with land converted to perennial prairie.

PDF icon 2015-08-cost-prairie-conservation-strips.pdf
May, 2013
Funding Impact Brief: Bear Creek Riparian Buffer Project
Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

This publication looks at what's been learned from the Bear Creek Watershed Demonstration Project in Story County, and other opportunities created by the Leopold Center's major investment in this work. More about this work, conducted by the Agroecology Research Team, here. More about the evaluation here.

PDF icon 2013-06-funding-impact-brief-bear-creek-riparian-buffer-project.pdf
April, 2013
Funding Impact Brief: The Regional Food Systems Working Group (RFSWG)
Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

This publication looks at what's been learned from convening practitioners and community leaders interested in developing local and regional food businesses in Iowa, and other opportunities created by the Leopold Center's major investment in this work. The RFSWG includes 17 local groups that operate in 89 of Iowa's 99 counties. More about RFSWG here. More about the evaluation here.

PDF icon 2013-05-funding-impact-brief-regional-food-systems-working-group-rfswg.pdf
April, 2013
Funding Impact Brief: Hoop Barns - Alternative Hog Production Systems Research
Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

This publication looks at what's been learned from research on alternative hog production systems at Iowa State University, and other opportunities created by the Leopold Center's major investment in this work. More about this research, often referred to at the "Hoop Group," here. More about the evaluation here.

PDF icon 2013-05-funding-impact-brief-hoop-barns-alternative-hog-production-systems-research.pdf
April, 2013
Funding Impact Brief: Long-Term Agroecological Research (LTAR)
Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

This publication looks at what's been learned from the Long-Term Agroecological Research (LTAR) experiment, and other opportunities created by the Leopold Center's major investment in this work. The side-by-side comparison of organic and conventional agriculture practices is one of the longest-running comparisons in the country. More about this research here. More about the evaluation here.

PDF icon 2013-05-funding-impact-brief-long-term-agroecological-research-ltar.pdf
April, 2013
Funding Impact Brief: Low-Input High-Diversity (LIHD) Systems
Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

This publication looks at what's been learned from research on low-input high-diversity cropping systems at the Iowa State University Marsden Farm, and other opportunities created by the Leopold Center's major investment in this work. More about this research here. More about the evaluation here.

PDF icon 2013-05-funding-impact-brief-low-input-high-diversity-lihd-systems.pdf
June, 2013
Starting an Online Local Food Co-op
Jesse Singerman, Prairie Ventures, LLC

This case study details the founding and early success of the Iowa Valley Food Co-op, including surveys and market research, reviews of other web-based food cooperatives, and development of policies and procedures. Other issues discussed are the cooperative's legal structure, software considerations, member recruitment and leadership development. More about this research project

PDF icon 2013-07-starting-and-online-local-food-co-op.pdf
May, 2013
Mid-American Agroforestry Working Group (MAAWG)
Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

This trifold brochure describes how agroforestry concurrently benefits environmental, economic, and social systems, creating avenues in farm and ecosystem management for such practices as forest farming, silvopasture and the establishment of riparian buffers. Learn more about MAAWG here.

 

PDF icon 2013-06-mid-american-agroforestry-working-group-maawg.pdf
April, 2013
Sharing the Lessons Learned from the 2013 Iowa Local Food Conference
Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

This is a synopsis of presentations at the 2013 Iowa Local Food Conference. Breakout sessions focused on three challenges related to local foods -- Business Incentives, Beginning and Minority Farmers, and Food Incentives -- and offered success stories from national and Iowa-based speakers.

PDF icon 2013-05-sharing-lessons-learned-2013-iowa-local-food-conference.pdf
March, 2013
Rates Charged for Contract Grazing Agreements
Midwest Perennial Forage and Grazing Working Group

This fact sheet, #4 in a four-part series, describes rates charged when a grazier is hired to manage someone else's livestock on the grazier's own land.  It is a product of the Green Lands, Blue Waters partnership.

PDF icon 2013-04-rates-charged-contract-grazing-agreements.pdf
March, 2013
Pasture Rental and Lease Agreements
Midwest Perennial Forage and Grazing Working Group

This fact sheet, #3 in a four-part series, addresses agreements for when a livestock owner plans on managing his or her own cattle on land leased or rented from another person. It is a product of the Green Lands, Blue Waters partnership.

PDF icon 2013-04-pasture-rental-and-lease-agreements.pdf
March, 2013
Evaluating Land Suitability for Grazing Cattle
Midwest Perennial Forage and Grazing Working Group

This fact sheet, #2 in a four-part series, describes considerations for good pasture land, including forage, fencing and water sources.  It is a product of the Green Lands, Blue Waters partnership.

PDF icon 2013-04-evaluating-land-suitability-grazing-cattle.pdf
March, 2013
The Basics of Contract Grazing
Midwest Perennial Forage and Grazing Working Group

Contract grazing arrangments put livestock on pastures in managed grazing systems. This fact sheet, #1 in a four-part series, describes the basics of contract grazing.  It is a product of the Green Lands, Blue Waters partnership.

PDF icon 2013-04-basics-contract-grazing.pdf
December, 2012
Linking Forest Communities and Water Quality
Michaeleen Gerken and Jan Thompson, ISU Natural Resource Ecology and Management

This two-page fact sheet describes preliminary results from a project studying how understory plant communities in forests and woodlands can improve water quality. Project description

PDF icon 2013-01-linking-forest-communities-and-water-quality.pdf
March, 2013
Game-Bird Preserve Business Development Guide
Dan Burden, ISU Value-Added Agriculture

This guide describes how to create a game-bird preserve business and profiles successful preserves in the Midwest. It includes sample enterprise budgets. See project description. You can also download the guide split into four sections: introduction, business tips, profiles and additional information.

PDF icon 2013-04-game-bird-preserve-business-development-guide.pdf
December, 2012
Species for Iowa Woodland Planting and Restoration
Michaeleen Gerken, ISU Natural Resource Ecology and Management

This list of plant species offers a guide for planting flowers and grasses that help restore woodland function, retain nutrients in the soil and reduce stream pollution. Project description

PDF icon 2013-01-species-iowa-woodland-planting-and-restoration.pdf
January, 2013
RFSWG Data Collection Guide
Corry Bregendahl and Laura Kleiman, Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture, and Teresa Wiemerslage, ISU Extension

This manual outlines a shared measurement system for collecting economic data for coordinators of 17 Regional Food Groups that are part of the Regional Food Systems Working Group (RFSWG). The manual includes a sample farmer survey [PDF] to report local food sales and a sample institution survey [PDF] to report local food purchases, as well as instructions for coordinators to submit data [PDF].

PDF icon 2013-02-rfswg-data-collection-guide.pdf
December, 2012
Conserving Beneficial Insects with Native Plants
Kelly Gill and Matt O'Neal, ISU Entomology

This fact sheet offers guidelines for establishing native perennial plants to attract beneficial insects, which provide pollination and pest control services. See related project E2009-09. Pollinator Conservation photo gallery.

PDF icon 2013-01-conserving-beneficial-insects-native-plants.pdf
September, 2012
Scaling-Up: Perspectives from Growers and Buyers on Barriers and Benefits to Wholesale Marketing of Local Fruits and Vegetables
Sally Worley and Marc Strobbe, Practical Farmers of Iowa

This report that explores the challenges and opportunities to increasing wholesale fruit and vegetable sales in Iowa and outlines strategies for the statewide Local Food and Farm Initiative coordinated by the Leopold Center. The report summarizes interviews with 15 Iowa growers and 12 wholesale buyers with experience in the local produce wholesale market.

PDF icon 2012-10-scaling-perspectives-growers-and-buyers-barriers-and-benefits-wholesale-marketing-local-fruits-and-v.pdf
September, 2012
Rotational Grazing on Leased Land
Edward Cox, Drake Agricultural Law Center

The brochure was developed as part of the Sustainable Agricultural Land Tenure Initiative, and discusses what factors should be considered when setting up a lease for land that will be rotationally grazed.

PDF icon 2012-10-rotational-grazing-leased-land.pdf
September, 2012
Landowners Helping New Farmers
Edward Cox, Drake Agricultural Law Center

The brochure was developed as part of the Sustainable Agricultural Land Tenure Initiative, and provides an overview of state programs designed to help landowners who want to rent to a beginning farmer, and considerations that landowners might want to include in those leases.

PDF icon 2012-10-landowners-helping-new-farmers.pdf
August, 2012
Energy and Economic Returns by Crop Rotation
Ann Johanns, Craig Chase and Matt Liebman for ISU Extension Ag Decision Maker A1-90

Energy and economic returns are presented from 2006-2011 comparing three cropping systems at the ISU Marsden Farm: 2-year conventional corn-soybean rotation and 3- and 4-year rotations that add small grain, red clover and alfalfa. More about this research, which is supported by the Leopold Center.

PDF icon 2012-09-energy-and-economic-returns-crop-rotation.pdf
August, 2012
Landscape Biomass Experiment
Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

This brochure describes the Landscape Biomass Experiment, which seeks to develop a portfolio of sustainable biofuel feedstocks for Iowa's future.

PDF icon 2012-09-landscape-biomass-experiment.pdf
August, 2012
Iowa Food Marketing Regulations: A Guide for Small-Scale Producers
Joanna Hamilton and Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

This guide offers an overview of the various licenses required for selling local foods in Iowa (fruit, vegetables, meat, poultry, honey, eggs and dairy products) and directs readers to the appropriate agency for answering specific questions and the process for obtaining each license. News release

PDF icon 2012-09-iowa-food-marketing-regulations-guide-small-scale-producers.pdf
August, 2012
Comparison of Biofuel Systems
Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

This brochure describes an experiment that compares the soil health, water quality, biodiversity and energy production of various biofuel systems, ranging from continuous corn to native prairie. News release  Learn more

PDF icon 2012-09-comparison-biofuel-systems.pdf
May, 2012
Local Food and Farm Program Final Report - 2012
Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

This is the final report to the Iowa legislature that describes activities of the Local Food and Farm Program during its first year of operation. The program seeks to promote local foods and increase farmer profitability in Iowa. The report outlines areas of emphasis planned for year two of the program. Learn more here.

PDF icon 2012-06-local-food-and-farm-program-final-report-2012.pdf
June, 2012
Diversifying Corn-Soybean Rotations
Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

This brochure describes the yields, profitability and sustainability of low-input, high-diversity cropping systems from a long-term research project at the ISU Marsden Farm. Learn more about the project.

PDF icon 2012-07-diversifying-corn-soybean-rotations.pdf
December, 2014
Practices to Improve Water Quality
Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

This two-page color fact sheet higlights 11 conservation practices that landowners can adopt to protect and improve Iowa's water quality, with links to research supported by the Leopold Center's competitive grants program.

PDF icon 2015-01-practices-improve-water-quality.pdf
June, 2011
Checklist for Retail Purchasing of Local Produce
Amy Casselman, Catherine Strohbehn, and Sam Beattie, ISU Extension PM 2046a

This two-page checklist provides a list of specific questions for retail foodservice buyers to ask growers of fresh produce. See related grant project M2010-14.

PDF icon 2011-07-checklist-retail-purchasing-local-produce.pdf
April, 2012
Vegetable Production Budgets for a High Tunnel
Linda Naeve and Craig Chase, ISU Extension PM 3025

This publication helps users to calculate high tunnel profitability for vegetable production. The information is based on  detailed production records of five farmers growing crops such as bell peppers, cucumbers, eggplant, herbs, lettuce and tomatoes, related to work that began with a Leopold Center marketing grant (M2009-16).

PDF icon 2012-05-vegetable-production-budgets-high-tunnel.pdf
April, 2012
Learning About Local at ISU
Ashlee Hespen and Craig Chase

This is a directory of organizations and programs at Iowa State University that support local and regional food systems. The guide also lists courses for students who are interested in local food produciton. See the May 2012 news release about this new resource.

PDF icon 2012-05-learning-about-local-isu.pdf
June, 2007
Northeast Iowa Local Food Survey Summary Report
Craig Chase, ISU Extension

This is a preliminary report of findings from a survey of 140 institutional buyers in a five-county region in northeast Iowa for the Northeast Iowa Food and Farm Coalition. The survey found that 57 percent of respondents currently use locally grown food. This was a Leopold Center special project, RWG2007-01, related to the Regional Food Systems Working Group.

PDF icon 2007-07-northeast-iowa-local-food-survey-summary-report.pdf
August, 2008
Economic Analysis of Three Iowa Rotations
Craig Chase, Kathleen Delate, Matt Liebman and Kelvin Leibold, Iowa State University Extension PMR 1001

Compares the economic return to management of three crop rotations: conventional corn-soybean, organic corn-soybean-oat/alfalfa-alfalfa, and low external input corn-soybean-oat-alfalfa. This peer-reviewed publication details the production and market assumptions made and also mentions non-economic factors that can affect rotation decisions. Read about the competitive grant projects for LTAR and Low-External-Input.

PDF icon 2008-09-economic-analysis-three-iowa-rotations.pdf
October, 2005
Using Organic Agriculture and Sustainable Crops and Livestock in the Local Food System
Jerry DeWitt and Kathleen Delate, Iowa State University Extension PM 1995

The local food system is one of the fastest-growing markets in agriculture. Learn more about using organic agriculture and sustainable crops and livestock in local food systems.

PDF icon 2005-11-using-organic-agriculture-and-sustainable-crops-and-livestock-local-food-system.pdf
July, 2003
Weed Management for Organic Farmers
Kathleen Delate, Iowa State University PM 1883

Organic farmers use a wide variety of tools and strategies to control weeds without synthetic chemicals. Those tools and strategies and their effects on soil quality are discussed.

PDF icon 2003-08-weed-management-organic-farmers.pdf
July, 2003
Soil Quality in Organic Agricultural Systems
Kathleen Delate, Iowa State University Extension PM 1882

Building and maintaining soil quality is the basis for successful organic farming. Topics of crop rotations, soil amendments, soil health, carbon sequestration, organic agriculture philosophies, and relevant related field research are included.

PDF icon 2003-08-soil-quality-organic-agricultural-systems.pdf
July, 2003
Growing Organic Soybeans on Conservation Reserve Program Land
Kathleen Delate, Iowa State University Extension PM 1881

Organic soybeans may be a very lucrative crop for Iowa farmers. Learn about the market, land preparation, planting and weed management, and the harvest and subsequent crops.

PDF icon 2003-08-growing-organic-soybeans-conservation-reserve-program-land.pdf
March, 2012
NRCS EQIP High Tunnels
Edward Cox, Drake Agricultural Law Center

The brochure was developed as part of the Sustainable Agricultural Land Tenure Initiative, and provides an overview of the Seasonal High Tunnel Initiative administered by the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) as part of the Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP).

PDF icon 2012-04-nrcs-eqip-high-tunnels.pdf
March, 2012
Land Contracts for Beginning Farmers
Edward Cox, Drake Agricultural Law Center

The brochure was developed as part of the Sustainable Agricultural Land Tenure Initiative, and provides an introduction to land contracts, which have been used in recent years by operators who lack large amounts of capital and access to financing from lending institutions. The brochure outlines advantages and risks, and lists contacts for further information.

PDF icon 2012-04-land-contracts-beginning-farmers.pdf
March, 2012
Iowa's Duty of Land Stewardship
Edward Cox, Drake Agricultural Law Center

Iowa’s courts and legislature have established a strong legal foundation for a duty of stewardship. The brochure was developed as part of the Sustainable Agricultural Land Tenure Initiative, and provides a brief history of how this foundation was laid as well as additional details on Iowa’s soil conservation law, conservation incentive programs, and federal conservation compliance laws.

PDF icon 2012-04-iowas-duty-land-stewardship.pdf
February, 2012
The Current State of Regional Food System Work in Iowa
Joanna Hamilton, Leopold Center Graduate Student Intern

This report summarizes interviews with leaders of 15 local food groups participating in the Regional Food Systems Working Group. Leaders were asked about current and future projects, their vision for a regional food system, successes and challenges, how they measure progress, strategies and advice for other groups.

PDF icon 2012-03-current-state-regional-food-system-work-iowa.pdf
February, 2012
Attitudes Toward Cover Crops in Iowa: Benefits and Barriers
J. Gordon Arbuckle, Jr., and John Ferrell, Iowa State University Extension PMR 1010

This report presents analysis of data from the 2010 Farm Poll survey, which included a series of questions about the potential environmental and agronomic benefits of cover crops, barriers to and facilitators of cover crop use, and interest in learning more about them. More about the Iowa Farm and Rural Life Poll.

PDF icon 2012-03-attitudes-toward-cover-crops-iowa-benefits-and-barriers.pdf
August, 2008
Interseeding Small-Seeded Forages into Sod with Conventional Corn/Soybean Planters
Iowa State University Extension CRP-21

Detailed information on using conventional corn/soybean planters to interseed small-seeded forages into sod. This publication is part of a series, “Conservation Reserve Program: Issues and Options series,” designed to help CRP contract holders assess the land-use options available to them when the contracts expire. The series began as a project of the Leopold Center based on research supported by the Center.

PDF icon 2008-09-interseeding-small-seeded-forages-sod-conventional-cornsoybean-planters.pdf
January, 2006
Planting Corn or Soybeans into CRP Sod Ground
Iowa State University Extension CRP-18

Get the details on planting corn or soybeans into CRP sod ground. Soybeans may offer fewer problems than corn. This publication is part of a series, “Conservation Reserve Program: Issues and Options series,” designed to help CRP contract holders assess the land-use options available to them when the contracts expire. The series began as a project of the Leopold Center based on research supported by the Center.

PDF icon 2006-02-planting-corn-or-soybeans-crp-sod-ground.pdf
May, 2008
Strip Intercropping: A CRP Conversion Option
Iowa State University Extension CRP-17

Strip intercropping can result in higher yields and profitability than monocropping systems. Sound weed management is critical for this system. Learn about an example of a corn, soybean, and oats system. This publication is part of a series, “Conservation Reserve Program: Issues and Options series,” designed to help CRP contract holders assess the land-use options available to them when the contracts expire. The series began as a project of the Leopold Center based on research supported by the Center.

PDF icon 2008-06-strip-intercropping-crp-conversion-option.pdf
November, 2008
Insect Management for Corn and Soybean (formerly CRP)
Iowa State University Extension CRP-15

Discusses potential insect problems and suggests management options for corn and soybean production on former CRP acres. This publication is part of a series, “Conservation Reserve Program: Issues and Options series,” designed to help CRP contract holders assess the land-use options available to them when the contracts expire. The series began as a project of the Leopold Center based on research supported by the Center.

PDF icon 2008-12-insect-management-corn-and-soybean-formerly-crp.pdf
March, 2009
Converting to Pasture or Hay - Forage Seeding Mixtures
Iowa State University Extension CRP-13

Get detailed seed mixture recommendations to improve the productivity and nutritive value of forage legumes and/or grasses. This publication is part of a series, “Conservation Reserve Program: Issues and Options series,” designed to help CRP contract holders assess the land-use options available to them when the contracts expire. The series began as a project of the Leopold Center based on research supported by the Center.

PDF icon 2009-04-converting-pasture-or-hay-forage-seeding-mixtures.pdf
November, 2009
Converting to Pasture or Hay - Repairing, Replanting CRP Land
Iowa State University Extension CRP-12

Consider your options for establishing and renovating pastures. . This publication is part of a series, “Conservation Reserve Program: Issues and Options series,” designed to help CRP contract holders assess the land-use options available to them when the contracts expire. The series began as a project of the Leopold Center based on research supported by the Center.

PDF icon 2009-12-converting-pasture-or-hay-repairing-replanting-crp-land.pdf
November, 2009
Converting CRP Land to Pasture - Managing Weeds and Fertility
Iowa State University Extension CRP-11

Suggestions for taking care of weed and brush problems on CRP land before beginning a grazing system. Good grazing management will help maintain fertility and reduce further weed problems. This publication is part of a series, “Conservation Reserve Program: Issues and Options series,” designed to help CRP contract holders assess the land-use options available to them when the contracts expire. The series began as a project of the Leopold Center based on research supported by the Center.

PDF icon 2009-12-converting-crp-land-pasture-managing-weeds-and-fertility.pdf
August, 2010
Converting to Pasture or Hay - Evaluating Current Vegetation
Iowa State University Extension CRP-10

Don't destroy current CRP vegetation until you evaluate all your options. This publication is part of a series, “Conservation Reserve Program: Issues and Options series,” designed to help CRP contract holders assess the land-use options available to them when the contracts expire. The series began as a project of the Leopold Center based on research supported by the Center.

PDF icon 2010-09-converting-pasture-or-hay-evaluating-current-vegetation.pdf
November, 2009
Converting CRP Contract Land to an Active Grazing System on Your Farm - Evaluating Resources and Setting Goals
Iowa State University Extension CRP-9

Tips for setting management goals before converting CRP land to active grazing. This publication is part of a series, “Conservation Reserve Program: Issues and Options series,” designed to help CRP contract holders assess the land-use options available to them when the contracts expire. The series began as a project of the Leopold Center based on research research supported by the Center.

PDF icon 2009-12-converting-crp-contract-land-active-grazing-system-your-farm-evaluating-resources-and-setting-goals.pdf
February, 2009
Resource Inventory Guide (When Considering CRP)
Iowa State University Extension CRP-6

Use this worksheet to inventory the resources you have to work with concerning your CRP land. This publication is part of a series, “Conservation Reserve Program: Issues and Options series,” designed to help CRP contract holders assess the land-use options available to them when the contracts expire. The series began as a project of the Leopold Center based on research supported by the Center.

PDF icon 2009-03-resource-inventory-guide-crp.pdf
January, 2006
Applying Fertilizer and Lime to CRP Land
Iowa State University Extension CRP-5

Sample and test soil to determine how much fertilizer, manure, and lime to apply to meet crop needs when converting land in CRP to crop production. This publication is part of a series, “Conservation Reserve Program: Issues and Options series,” designed to help CRP contract holders assess the land-use options available to them when the contracts expire. The series began as a project of the Leopold Center based on research supported by the Center.

PDF icon 2006-02-applying-fertilizer-and-lime-crp-land.pdf
January, 2006
Tillage Options After CRP
Iowa State University Extension CRP-3

In making tillage decisions for CRP land, consider conservation concerns, farming objectives, and plant and soil conditions. This publication is part of a series, “Conservation Reserve Program: Issues and Options series,” designed to help CRP contract holders assess the land-use options available to them when the contracts expire. The series began as a project of the Leopold Center based on research supported by the Center.

PDF icon 2006-02-tillage-options-after-crp.pdf
February, 2009
Lease Alternatives for CRP Land
Iowa State University Extension CRP-2

Find out about the various lease options for CRP land: crop share, livestock share, cash lease, or flexible lease. This publication is part of a series, “Conservation Reserve Program: Issues and Options series,” designed to help CRP contract holders assess the land-use options available to them when the contracts expire. The series began as a project of the Leopold Center based on research supported by the Center.

PDF icon 2009-03-lease-alternatives-crp-land-crp-2.pdf
February, 2009
Life After CRP - Decisions, Decisions
Iowa State University Extension CRP-1

Consider five important factors when deciding what to do when CRP contracts expire. This publication is part of a series, “Conservation Reserve Program: Issues and Options series,” designed to help CRP contract holders assess the land-use options available to them when the contracts expire. The series began as a project of the Leopold Center based on research supported by the Center.

PDF icon 2009-03-life-after-crp-decisions-decisions-crp-1.pdf
August, 2010
Maximizing Profitability on Highly Erodible Land in Iowa
Iowa State University Extension CRP-22

Options in grass may be the most profitable for CRP land when the long term cost of erosion is considered. Get the details on six income options: CRP, two rotational grazing options, two crop options. This publication is part of a series, “Conservation Reserve Program: Issues and Options series,” designed to help CRP contract holders assess the land-use options available to them when the contracts expire. The series began as a project of the Leopold Center based on research supported by the Center.

PDF icon 2010-09-maximizing-profitability-highly-erodible-land-iowa-crp-22.pdf
January, 2012
Renewable Energy Incentive Rates: Potential Opportunities for Iowa Farmers
Nathaniel Baer, Iowa Environmental Council, Gregg Heide, Iowa Farmers Union, Rich Dana, National Center for Appropriate Technology, et. al.

This white paper summarizes the findings of a Policy Initiative grant (P2010-02) that focused on how feed-in tariffs (FITs) can encourage farmers, homeowners and businesses to invest in small-scale renewable energy projects. News release

PDF icon 2012-02-renewable-energy-incentive-rates-potential-opportunities-iowa-farmers.pdf
December, 2011
Rainwater Catchment from a High Tunnel for Irrigation Use
Shawn Shouse and Linda Naeve, Iowa State University Extension PM 3017

This seven-page fact sheet describes a system to catch, store and reuse rainwater for irrigation in high tunnels. It resulted from a Leopold Center Ecology Grant (E2011-14). Watch a video about this project.

PDF icon 2012-01-rainwater-catchment-high-tunnel-irrigation-use.pdf
December, 2009
Iowa High Tunnel Fruit and Vegetable Production Manual
Iowa State University Extension PM 2098

This workbook provides growers with information and resources to use high tunnels effectively, enhance productivity and net income, and learn from the experience of other high tunnel users. Find this publication in Spanish online at the ISU Extension store. See grant project M2009-16; other resources here.

PDF icon 2010-01-iowa-high-tunnel-fruit-and-vegetable-production-manual.pdf
December, 2011
Local Food and Farm Program Preliminary Report
Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

This preliminary report to the Iowa legislature describes the activities of the Local Food and Farm Program from September 2011 to mid-January 2012. The program seeks to promote local foods and increase farmer profitability in Iowa. Learn more here.

PDF icon 2012-01-local-food-and-farm-program-preliminary-report.pdf
August, 2006
The Role of Collaborative Community Supported Agriculture: Lessons from Iowa
Corry Bregendahl and Cornelia Butler Flora, North Central Regional Center for Rural Development

Collaborative Community Supported Agriculture serves as a business incubator for new growers, helps existing growers expand and diversify, and offers a host of other benefits to Iowa communities. 

PDF icon 2006-09-role-collaborative-community-supported-agriculture-lessons-iowa.pdf
July, 2012
The Long-Term Agroecological Research (LTAR) Experiment
Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

This tri-fold brochure describes the LTAR experiment, a side-by-side comparison of organic and conventional systems using identical crop varieties that began in 1998. Learn more about this project.

PDF icon 2012-08-long-term-agroecological-research-ltar-experiment.pdf
September, 2011
Woodchip Bioreactors for Nitrate in Agricultural Drainage
Laura Christianson and Matthew Helmers, Iowa State University Extension PMR 1008

This fact sheet explains how woodchip bioreactors reduce nitrate in subsurface drainage systems. It includes tips on how to install and use bioreactors, their positive and negative impacts, and their costs. Learn more about this project.
 

PDF icon 2011-11-woodchip-bioreactors-nitrate-agricultural-drainage.pdf
September, 2011
Seeking What Works at What Scale
Leopold Center Distinguished Fellow Fred Kirschenmann

Kirschenmann outlines several shifts that will need to take place – and the opportunities they present – in a future of more people and fewer natural resources. The paper was prepared for presentation and discussion at a September 2011 gathering in Mountain Sky, Montana.

PDF icon 2011-10-seeking-what-works-what-scale.pdf
September, 2011
Grower's Manual: A Template for Grower Cooperatives
Joanna Hamilton, Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture, and GROWN Locally

This 24-page manual, adapted from GROWN Locally, helps local food cooperatives improve their handling practices and meet food safety standards. Read news release.

PDF icon 2011-10-growers-manual-template-grower-cooperatives.pdf
October, 2014
A Landowner's Guide to Prairie Conservation Strips
Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

This four-page color fact sheet offers basic guidelines for planting and maintaining prairie conservation strips on row-cropped farms. The recommendations are based on research conducted by the STRIPS Research Team at the Neal Smith National Wildlife Refuge. Additional resources and costs are listed in this updated guide.

PDF icon 2014-11-landowners-guide-prairie-conservation-strips.pdf
November, 2006
Clear Creek Watershed: 150 Years of Landscape Change
Andrew P. Rayburn and Lisa A. Schulte, Iowa State University

This fact sheet summarizes the findings of a Leopold Center Ecology Initiative grant (2004-E08) that looked at landscape changes in the Clear Creek watershed in east central Iowa since 1940 using aerial photos and historical records.

PDF icon 2006-12-clear-creek-watershed-150-years-landscape-change.pdf
May, 2007
Transaction Cost Case Studies for Six Iowa Food Producers
Clyde K. Walter, Iowa State University, Randy Boeckenstedt, Center for Transportation Research and Education, and Craig Chase, ISU Extension

This document summarizes a Leopold Center Marketing Initative project (2006-M02) that looked at transaction costs incurred by Iowa-based food producers who distribute to in-state and regional markets. 

PDF icon 2007-06-transaction-cost-case-studies-six-iowa-food-producers.pdf
August, 2004
Supply Chain Options for Biobased Businesses
Rhonda R. Lummus, Iowa State University

This paper investigates supply chain business relationships that would be appropriate for biobased businesses. It is a final report from the Leopold Center Marketing Initative project M13-2004.

PDF icon 2004-09-supply-chain-options-biobased-businesses.pdf
July, 2011
Credit, Crop Insurance and Sustainable Agriculture in Iowa
Center for Rural Affairs and Iowa Farmers Union

A survey of Iowa producers, agricultural lenders and crop insurance agents showed a need for ongoing education about "sustainable agriculture" and its benefits, and policy changes in the 2012 Farm Bill. Read news release

PDF icon 2011-08-credit-crop-insurance-and-sustainable-agriculture-iowa.pdf
November, 2007
Marketing Specialty Hogs: A Comparative Analysis of Two Firms from Iowa
Brent Hueth, Maro Ibarburu, and James Kliebenstein

This study, prepared for the Pork Niche Market Working Group and published in the Winter 2007 issue of Review of Agricultural Economics, compares the business organization and coordination of specialty-market hog production of two Iowa firms.

PDF icon 2007-12-marketing-specialty-hogs-comparative-analysis-two-firms-iowa.pdf
August, 2003
Summit Proceedings: Seeds & Breeds for 21st Century Agriculture
Michael Sligh and Laura Lauffer, editors

On September 6-8, 2003, a selected group of scientists and participants from concerned organizations and government came together in Washington D.C. to address the needs and limitations of public plant and animal breeding, and discuss the potential for reforming public breeding and funding policy.

PDF icon 2003-09-summit-proceedings-seeds-breeds-21st-century-agriculture.pdf
September, 2008
Hypoxia in the Gulf of Mexico: Implications and Strategies for Iowa - Summaries of Sessions
Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

This document summaries the sessions at a 2008 Leopold Center conference, "Hypoxia in the Gulf of Mexico: Implications and Strategies for Iowa."

PDF icon 2008-10-hypoxia-gulf-mexico-implications-and-strategies-iowa-summaries-sessions.pdf
May, 2003
A Survey of Pork Niche Marketers in the Midwest
Jim Ennis and Jean Anderson, Cooperative Development Series

This study, prepared for the Pork Niche Market Working Group, identifies the business and technical assistance needs of producers in Iowa, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, South Dakota and Wisconsin.

PDF icon 2003-06-survey-pork-niche-marketers-midwest.pdf
May, 2003
Niche Pork Marketing Opportunities
R. Parker & Associates, Inc.

This report, prepared for the Pork Niche Market Working Group, identifies niche pork marketing opportunities for Iowa producers and offers reccomendations for reaching major Midwest markets. 

PDF icon 2003-06-niche-pork-marketing-opportunities.pdf
September, 2003
Study on Iowa-Based Differentiated Pork
Food & Livestock Planning, Inc.

This executive summary, prepared for the Pork Niche Market Working Group and sponsored by Practical Farmers of Iowa, summarizes the feasibility of a producer-owned coordinated pork niche marketing approach.

PDF icon 2003-10-study-iowa-based-differentiated-pork.pdf
January, 2006
The Pleasure of Good Eating
Leopold Center Distinguished Fellow Fred Kirschenmann

Leopold Center Distinguished Fellow Fred Kirschenmann explores "the pleasure of good eating," which he says is "more than the taste of food" rather a "deep appreciation for everything on our plates." It was presented as a keynote address at the annual Food Alliance dinner in Portland, Oregon.

PDF icon 2006-02-pleasure-good-eating.pdf
May, 2006
Revitalizing Rural Communities: How Churches Can Help
Leopold Center Distinguished Fellow Fred Kirschenmann

This speech was presented at the 43rd Annual Meeting of the Northern Plains Conference of the United Church of Christ, Bismarck, North Dakota on June 10, 2006.

PDF icon 2006-06-revitalizing-rural-communities-how-churches-can-help.pdf
May, 2007
Meeting the Agricultural Challenges of the 21st Century with a Little Help from Liberty Hyde Bailey
Leopold Center Distinguished Fellow Fred Kirschenmann

Paper presented June 23, 2007 at the Ag History Society Conference in Ames, Iowa.

PDF icon 2007-06-meeting-agricultural-challenges-21st-century-little-help-liberty-hyde-bailey.pdf
May, 2008
It Starts with the Soil and Organic Agriculture Can Help
Leopold Center Distinguished Fellow Fred Kirschenmann

Paper presented by Leopold Center Distinguished Fellow Fred Kirschenmann at the 16th International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM) Organic World Congress, Modena, Italy in June 2008,

PDF icon 2008-06-it-starts-soil-and-organic-agriculture-can-help.pdf
January, 2011
Will Climate Change Impact the Sustainability of Iowa Farms?
Eugene Takle, Iowa State University

Overheads from the 2011 Shivvers Memorial Lecture Series.

PDF icon 2011-02-will-climate-change-impact-sustainability-iowa-farms.pdf
January, 2009
Learning from the Floods of 2008: Practical Strategies for Resilience
Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

This four-page fact sheet summarzies lessons, actions and strategies from the December 2008 flood workshop sponsored by the Leopold Center and the Center for Energy and Environmental Education.

PDF icon 2009-02-learning-floods-2008-practical-strategies-resilience.pdf
August, 2009
Survey of Disease Pressures in 26 Niche Herds in the Midwestern United States
Michael J. Yaeger, Locke A. Karriker, Lori Layman, Patrick G. Halbur, Gary H. Huber, and Kurt Van Hulzen

This research of the Pork Niche Market Working Group was published in Journal of Swine Health and Production.

PDF icon 2009-09-survey-disease-pressures-26-niche-herds-midwestern-united-states.pdf
August, 2009
Costs, Returns, Production and Financial Efficiency of Niche Pork Production in 2008
David Stender, James Kliebenstein, Richard Ness, John Mabry and Gary Huber

A report of the Pork Niche Market Working Group.

PDF icon 2009-09-costs-returns-production-and-financial-efficiency-niche-pork-production-2008.pdf
October, 2008
Costs, Returns, Production and Financial Efficiency of Niche Pork Production in 2007
James Kliebenstein, David Stender, Richard Ness, John Mabry, and Gary Huber

A report of the Pork Niche Market Working Group.

PDF icon 2008-11-costs-returns-production-and-financial-efficiency-niche-pork-production-2007.pdf
December, 2007
Health Challenges in Midwestern "Niche" Pork Production Systems
Lori Layman, Mike Yaeger, and Locke Karriker, Iowa State University

This Iowa State University Animal Industry Report describes disease pressures associated with organic pork production. It was developed by the Pork Niche Market Working Group.

PDF icon 2008-01-health-challenges-midwestern-niche-pork-production-systems.pdf
November, 2007
Niche Pork Production Handbook
Peter J. Lammers, David R. Stender, and Mark S. Honeyman, Iowa State University

This handbook describes details of niche pork production, including housing, nutrition, reproduction, pork quality, and managing costs. It was developed by the Pork Niche Market Working Group

PDF icon 2007-12-niche-pork-production-handbook.pdf
September, 2007
Costs, Returns, Production and Financial Efficiency of Niche Pork Production in 2006
James Kliebenstein, David Stender, John Mabry and Gary Huber

A report of the Pork Niche Market Working Group.

PDF icon 2007-10-costs-returns-production-and-financial-efficiency-niche-pork-production-2006.pdf
May, 2007
Maximizing Carcass Utilization in Niche Pork Companies
Duane Short

This report, developed for the Pork Niche Market Working Group, summarizes the results of a study of eight pork niche companies to determine opportunities for maximizing carcass utilization.

PDF icon 2007-06-maximizing-carcass-utilization-niche-pork-companies.pdf
May, 2007
Managing for Herd Health in Alternative Swine Systems: A Guide
Practical Farmers of Iowa and Iowa State University Extension

These reccomendations for maintaining a healthy herd in alternative pork systems were developed by the Pork Niche Market Working Group, Practical Farmers of Iowa, the Leopold Center, and ISU Extension.

PDF icon 2007-06-managing-herd-health-alternative-swine-systems-guide.pdf
December, 2006
Areas of Possible Collaboration Among Niche Pork Companies
Ann Wilkinson

This report, submitted to the Pork Niche Market Working Group, summarizes the results from a research project that explored collaboration opportunities among companies marketing niche pork products. The report identifies five possible areas of collaboration.

PDF icon 2007-01-areas-possible-collaboration-among-niche-pork-companies.pdf
July, 2006
Berkshire Swine Production and Marketing
Larry K. McMullen, ISU Extension Field Specialist

This report includes the history of the Berkshire breed, its characteristics, and information for production and marketing. It was developed for the Pork Niche Market Working Group. See also the Berkshire Production Decision Aids.

PDF icon 2006-08-berkshire-swine-production-and-marketing.pdf
July, 2006
The United States Pork Niche Market Phenomenon
M.S. Honeyman, R.S. Pirog, G.H. Huber, P.J. Lammers, and J.R. Hermann

This article, developed by members of the Pork Niche Market Working Group, was published in American Society of Animal Science.

PDF icon 2006-08-united-states-pork-niche-market-phenomenon.pdf
May, 2004
New Product Development for Pork Niche Marketers
Rick Parker, R. Parker & Associates Inc., and Severin Johnson, Winnebago Agribusiness Research and Consulting, LLC.

This basic guide to new product development for niche pork marketers includes key terms, the product development process, a directory, interviews and recipes. It was developed for the Pork Niche Market Working Group.

PDF icon 2004-06-new-product-development-pork-niche-marketers.pdf
May, 2004
Winter Farrowing Greenhouse Project
Jude Becker

This project summarizes the results and data from a winter farrowing greenhouse project conducted for the Pork Niche Market Working Group from August 2003 to Oct 2003.

PDF icon 2004-06-winter-farrowing-greenhouse-project.pdf
February, 2004
LTL Trucking Terms & Process Guide
Nick Jones, Eden Natural

This glossary of trucking terms and related information was prepared for the Pork Niche Market Working Group.

PDF icon 2004-03-ltl-trucking-terms-process-guide.pdf
January, 1999
Swine System Options for Iowa: Proceedings of February 1999 Conference
Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

These proceedings from a February 17, 1999 conference at Iowa State University describe alternative production systems for swine. See related grant project 1997-31.

PDF icon 1999-02-swine-system-options-iowa-proceedings-february-1999-conference.pdf
January, 1996
Swine System Options for Iowa: Proceedings of February 1996 Conference
Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

These proceedings from a February 21, 1996 conference at Iowa State University describe alternative production systems for swine. See related grant project 1997-31.

PDF icon 1996-02-swine-system-options-iowa-proceedings-february-1996-conference.pdf
April, 1996
Swine System Options for Iowa: Outdoor Pig Production, An Approach That Works
Iowa State University Extension SA 9

Learn about alternatives to large-scale hog confinment and the management, economics and environmental implications of outdoor pig production. See related grant project 1997-31.

PDF icon 1996-05-swine-system-options-iowa-outdoor-pig-production-approach-works.pdf
July, 2006
Developing a Vibrant and Sustainable Regional Food System: Suggestions for Community-Based Groups
Regional Food Systems Working Group Subcommittee

This report was the original concept plan for the Regional Food Systems Working Group. It outlines a vision for creating a vibrant, sustainable food system across Iowa.

PDF icon 2006-08-developing-vibrant-and-sustainable-regional-food-system-suggestions-community-based-groups.pdf
July, 2012
Central Iowa Sustainable Agriculture Tour
Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

This guide developed by the Leopold Center provides information about places to visit on or near the Iowa State University campus in Ames that are related to sustainable agriculture. Contact information is provided for each entry for users to arrange their own visit.

PDF icon 2011-03-central-iowa-sustainable-agriculture-tour.pdf
October, 2008
U.S. Food Market Estimator Users Guide
Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture and the Center for Transportation Research and Education

This users guide refers to the U.S. Food Market Estimator (www.ctre.iastate.edu/marketsize), which helps users determine the potential demand, by U.S. county, for more than 200 different food items.

PDF icon 2008-11-us-food-market-estimator-users-guide.pdf
December, 2007
Produce Profitability Calculator Users Manual
Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

This users manual relates to the Produce Profitability Calculator which helps produce growers consider their options when planning production for the coming year.

PDF icon 2008-01-produce-profitability-calculator-users-manual.pdf
May, 1995
Crops of Ancient Iowa: Native Plant Use and Farming Systems
William Green, Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture, and Shelly Gradwell, Iowa State University graduate student

This four-page fact sheet is a teaching reference for agriculture and science teachers and includes discussion questions for the classroom. See grant project 1990-34.

PDF icon 1995-06-crops-ancient-iowa-native-plant-use-and-farming-systems.pdf
February, 2003
Fundamentals of Organic Agriculture
Iowa State University Extension PM 1880

This 16-page fact sheet covers the basics of organic agriculture, including certification programs and management strategies. Some of the information on crop production and management is based on work of the Leopold Center's Long-Term Agroecological Research (LTAR) project. Also download this publication at the ISU Extension Store.

PDF icon 2003-03-fundamentals-organic-agriculture.pdf
August, 2010
Iowa Fruit and Vegetable Market Planner Users Guide
Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

This guide shows how to use the Iowa Fruit and Vegetable Market Planner, an online tool for exploring all types of local and regional fruit and vegetable markets in Iowa. Find the tool, sources of data and other info on the competitive grant page.

PDF icon 2010-09-iowa-fruit-and-vegetable-market-planner-users-guide.pdf
July, 2014
Cover Crop Business Directory
Practical Farmers of Iowa

This directory lists sources for seed, custom spraying and aerial application and equipment. It was compiled by Practical Farmers of Iowa for the Iowa Cover Crop Working Group, which is supported by the Leopold Center.

PDF icon 2014-08-cover-crop-business-directory.pdf
February, 2007
Determining the Methods for Measuring the Economic and Fiscal Impacts Association with Organic Crop Conversion in Iowa
David Swenson, Liesl Eathington and Craig Chase, Iowa State University

This is a final report for a Leopold Center Marketing Initiative grant project (M2006-12). It shows that the potential regional economic impact of organic crop production exceeds that of conventional crop production.

PDF icon 2007-03-determining-methods-measuring-economic-and-fiscal-impacts-association-organic-crop-conversion-iowa.pdf
July, 2009
Frequently Asked Questions on Food Regulations for Small Market Food Producers
Rich Pirog, Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture, Ross Baxter and Kate Lyon, Drake Agricultural Law Center

This document compiles information from state agencies and universities to answer common questions asked by small market producers. See related grant project M2007-36.

PDF icon 2009-08-frequently-asked-questions-food-regulations-small-market-food-producers.pdf
July, 2010
The Landowner's Guide to Sustainable Farm Leasing
Edward Cox, Drake University Law Center

This guide, prepared with support from the Leopold Center, introduces landowners and tenants to sustainable lease agreements. Find more resources at www.sustainablefarmlease.org.

PDF icon 2010-08-landowners-guide-sustainable-farm-leasing.pdf
October, 2010
Women, Land, and Legacy: Change Agents and Agency Change in Iowa: Evaluation Results
Corry Bregendahl, Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture, and Matthew Hoffman, University of California-Davis

Women, Land and Legacy is an inter-agency collaboration designed to provide Iowa farm women a risk management tool that empowers them to act. This report is a compilation of surveys and interviews with more than 300 people. See grant project 2006-P10.

PDF icon 2010-11-women-land-and-legacy-change-agents-and-agency-change-iowa-evaluation-results.pdf
November, 2006
Local Food Connections: Contracting with Foodservices
Iowa State University Extension PM 1853D

Using a web-based calculator can help producers decide whether contracting with foodservice operators is a financially sound solution. This fact sheet is related to the Produce Profitability Calculator and marketing grant project 2005-M18.

PDF icon 2006-12-local-food-connections-contracting-foodservices.pdf
May, 2010
Construction Resource Use of Two Different Types and Scales of Iowa Swine Production Facilities
P.J. Lammers, M.S. Honeyman, J.D. Harmon, J.B. Kliebenstein, M.J. Helmers

This study, published in Applied Engineering in Agriculture, is related to a Leopold Center Ecology Initiative grant that studied energy use and nutrient cycling in pig production systems.

PDF icon 2010-06-construction-resource-use-two-different-types-and-scales-iowa-swine-production-facilities.pdf
May, 2010
Energy and carbon inventory of Iowa swine production facilities
P.J. Lammers, M.S. Honeyman, J.D. Harmon, and M.J. Helmers

This study, published in Agricultural Systems, is related to a Leopold Center Ecology Initiative grant that studied energy use and nutrient cycling in pig production systems.

PDF icon 2010-06-energy-and-carbon-inventory-iowa-swine-production-facilities.pdf
November, 2009
Nonsolar Energy Use and One-hundred-year Global Warming Potential of Iowa Swine Feedstuffs and Feeding Strategies
P.J. Lammers, M.D. Kenealy, J.B. Kliebenstein, J.D. Harmon, M.J. Helmers, and M.S. Honeyman

This study, published in Journal of Animal Science, is related to a Leopold Center Ecology Initiative grant that studied energy use and nutrient cycling in pig production systems.

PDF icon 2009-12-nonsolar-energy-use-and-one-hundred-year-global-warming-potential-iowa-swine-feedstuffs-and-feeding-.pdf
August, 2010
Life Cycle Assessment of Commodity and Niche Swine Production Systems
Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

This Q&A is related to the study, "Life cycle assessment of high- and low-profitability commodity and deep-bedded niche swine production systems in the Upper Midwestern United States."

PDF icon 2010-09-life-cycle-assessment-commodity-and-niche-swine-production-systems.pdf
July, 2010
Life cycle assessment of high- and low-profitability commodity and deep-bedded niche swine production systems in the Upper Midwestern United States
N. Pelletier, P. Lammars, D. Stender, R. Pirog

This study, published in the 2010 Agricultural Systems journal, evaluates the environmental performance of niche swine production systems. See also the Leopold Center's Q&A about this project, "Life Cycle Assessment of Commodity and Niche Swine Production Systems."

PDF icon 2010-08-life-cycle-assessment-high-and-low-profitability-commodity-and-deep-bedded-niche-swine-production-sy.pdf
April, 2010
Life Cycle Assessment of Three Beef Production Systems
Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

This Q&A is related to the study, "Comparative life cycle environmental impacts of three beef production strategies in the Upper Midwestern United States."

PDF icon 2010-05-life-cycle-assessment-three-beef-production-systems.pdf
March, 2010
Comparative Life Cycle Environmental Impacts of Three Beef Production Strategies in the Upper Midwestern United States
Nathan Pelletier, Rich Pirog, and Rebecca Rasmussen

This journal article, published in Agricultural Systems, examines the environmental impact of three beef production strategies. See also the Leopold Center's Q&A about this article, "Life Cycle Assessment of Three Beef Production Systems."

PDF icon 2010-04-comparative-life-cycle-environmental-impacts-three-beef-production-strategies-upper-midwestern-unite.pdf
January, 2011
Incorporating Prairies into Multifunctional Landscapes
Meghann E. Jarchow and Matt Liebman, Iowa State University

This full-color, 26-page publication looks at ways that prairies can be incorporated into farms, how they affect nearby crops, what benefits they offer, and resources to establish your own prairie.

PDF icon 2011-02-incorporating-prairies-multifunctional-landscapes.pdf
January, 2009
Bedded Hoop Barns for Beef Cattle
Mark Honeyman, Shawn Shouse, Darrell Busby, and Jay Harmon

This fact sheet from Iowa State University Extension and the Iowa Beef Center describes recent research on beef cattle hoop barns.

PDF icon 2009-02-bedded-hoop-barns-beef-cattle.pdf
November, 2010
Iowa Hoop Structures Used for Confined Beef Cattle Feeding: A Survey
Mark Honeyman and Jay Harmon, Iowa State University

This survey of Iowa State University Extension livestock specialists shows that beef cattle hoop barns are becoming more common in Iowa, offering environmental benefits.

PDF icon 2010-12-iowa-hoop-structures-used-confined-beef-cattle-feeding-survey.pdf
January, 2008
Family Farms in an Era of Global Uncertainty
John Ikerd, University of Missouri

John Ikerd's prepared comments for the 2008 Shivvers Memorial Lecture at Iowa State University.

PDF icon 2008-02-family-farms-era-global-uncertainty.pdf
February, 2009
Why Don't We Have Sustainable Agriculture Now?
Richard A. Levins, University of Minnesota

Richard A. Levins' prepared comments for 2009 Shivvers Memorial Lecture at Iowa State University.

PDF icon 2009-03-why-dont-we-have-sustainable-agriculture-now.pdf
December, 2010
Climate Change Impacts on Iowa 2010
Iowa Climate Change Impacts Committee

This report to the Governor and the Iowa General Assembly is from the Iowa Office of Energy Independence website.

PDF icon 2011-01-climate-change-impacts-iowa-2010.pdf
September, 2005
The Farm as Natural Habitat
Laura Jackson, University of Northern Iowa

This is a transcript of the 2005 Shivvers Memorial Lecture presented at Iowa State University.

PDF icon 2005-10-farm-natural-habitat.pdf
September, 2009
Mississippi River Water Quality: Policy, Landscapes and Hypoxia
R. Eugene Turner, Louisiana State University

This PowerPoint presentation on Iowa's impact on Gulf hypoxia was given for the 2009 Dennis Keeney Distinguished Lecture.

PDF icon 2009-10-mississippi-river-water-quality-policy-landscapes-and-hypoxia.pdf
September, 2007
The Agriculture-Public Health Connection
Robert S. Lawrence, Center for a Livable Future

This PowerPoint presentation on food and human health was given for the 2007 Dennis Keeney Distinguished Lecture at Iowa State University.

PDF icon 2007-10-agriculture-public-health-connection.pdf
September, 2004
Genetically Engineered Crops and Pesticide Use in the United States: The First Nine Years
Charles Benbrook, BioTech InfoNet Technical Paper Number 7

This report builds on earlier data and analysis funded by the Leopold Center that covered the first eight years of commercial use of genetically engineered crops. More recent reports are available at The Organic Center.

PDF icon 2004-10-genetically-engineered-crops-and-pesticide-use-united-states-first-nine-years.pdf
December, 2010
Local Foods in Iowa: Increased Opportunities for Economic Growth
Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

This fact sheet provides a quick overview of potential economic benefits of increased local food production and consumption in Iowa. The fact sheet was prepared for a work session to develop recommendations for the Iowa Local Food and Farm Plan.

PDF icon 2011-01-local-foods-iowa-increased-opportunities-economic-growth.pdf
April, 2007
Giving a Beginner a Chance in the 2007 Farm Bill
Center for Rural Affairs

This report outlines training, support and programs that could help more young people enter agriculture. The report outlines how existing programs could be targeted for beginning and new farmers, as well as suggestions for new programs, such as individual development accounts. The study was supported by the Leopold Center's Policy Initiative (P2006-09).

PDF icon 2007-05-giving-beginner-chance-2007-farm-bill.pdf
July, 2006
The Impact and Benefits of USDA Research and Grant Programs to Enhance Mid-size Farm Profitability and Rural Community Success
Center for Rural Affairs

An analysis of four mainstay USDA research and rural development grant programs found that only five percent of the nearly $500 million provided direct benefits to, or were relevant for, small and mid-sized farms and ranches or beginning farmers and ranchers in the United States. The project was funded in part by a grant from the Leopold Center's Policy Initiative (P2003-13).

PDF icon 2006-08-impact-and-benefits-usda-research-and-grant-programs-enhance-mid-size-farm-profitabiltiy-and-rural-c.pdf
October, 2005
Potential for a New Generation of Biodiversity in Agro-ecosystems of the Future
Leopold Center Distinguished Fellow Fred Kirschenmann

Kirschenmann questions common assumptions of modern agriculture and outlines eight principles for future agricultural systems.

PDF icon 2005-11-potential-new-generation-biodiversity-agro-ecosystems-future.pdf
July, 2006
Food, Farming and Health
Leopold Center Distinguished Fellow Fred Kirschenmann

In this paper Kirschenmann outlines the need to connect human health and nutrition with the system that provides many of the foods for the U.S. population. It was published as part of the agricultural initiative of the Glynwood Center in Cold Spring, New York.

PDF icon 2006-08-food-farming-and-health.pdf
December, 2004
Aldo Leopold on Agriculture
Robert Sayre, Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture Advisory Board

Robert Sayre, former member of the Leopold Center's Advisory Board, describes the Land Ethic and its relation to agriculture in this short essay.

PDF icon 2005-01-aldo-leopold-agriculture.pdf
December, 2010
Iowa Local Food and Farm Plan
Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

This study provided an overview of local food efforts in Iowa since 1995 and looked at the challenges and implications for increased local food production. It offers 34 recommendations that would boost the local food economy in Iowa, including creation of a state-level local food and farm program, education and training, potential funding sources and policy needs.

PDF icon 2011-01-iowa-local-food-and-farm-plan.pdf
May, 2013
Food Facts: Results from Marketing and Food Systems Research
Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

This publication has key findings from research, demonstrations, studies and surveys that have been supported by the Leopold Center's Marketing and Food Systems Initiative since 2000, as well as links to additional food systems resources. News release

PDF icon 2013-06-food-facts-results-marketing-and-food-systems-research.pdf
December, 2003
External Costs of Agricultural Production in the United States
ISU Graduate Student Erin Tegtmeier and Leopold Center Associate Director Mike Duffy

This paper, published in the International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability, reports results of a study estimating the cost of externalities (impacts on natural resources, wildlife and ecosystem biodiversity and human health) in agricultural production. Implications for policy also are discussed.

PDF icon 2004-01-external-costs-agricultural-production-united-states_0.pdf
March, 2011
Non-operator Landownership and Conservation
ISU Extension Sociologist J. Gordon Arbuckle, Jr.

Presentation to the Iowa Land Tenure Policy Working Group about critical issues in land ownership. Results of a recent landowner survey in two Iowa watersheds also are presented.

PDF icon 2011-07-non-operator-landownership-and-conservation.pdf
October, 2002
Farmers' motivations for adoption of switchgrass
Patricia C Hipple and Michael D. Duffy, ISU Department of Economics

The authors interviewed members of the agricultural community to understand motivations for adopting switchgrass as a potential biofuel source and alternative cash crop.

PDF icon 2002-11-farmers-motivations-adoption-switchgrass.pdf
February, 2007
Environmental Benefits and Management of Small Grain Cover Crops in Corn-Soybean Rotations
Tom Kaspar, National Soil Tilth Laboratory

These slides offer research results on cover crops.

PDF icon 2007-03-environmental-benefits-and-management-small-grain-cover-crops-corn-soybean-rotations.pdf
March, 2005
Evaluating Economic Impacts of Local Food Purchasing in Several Market Channels in Black Hawk/Surrounding Counties
Kamyar Enshayan, Center for Energy and Environmental Education

This is a final report of work done by the UNI Local Foods Project and its impact in the northeast Iowa region. The work was supported by a mini-grant from the Regional Food Systems Working Group. The project has evolved to become the Northern Iowa Food & Farm Partnership.

PDF icon 2005-04-evaluating-economic-impacts-local-food-purchasing-several-market-channels-black-hawk-and-surrounding.pdf
January, 2008
Estimating the Production and Market Value-Based Impacts of Nutritional Goals in NE Iowa
Dave Swenson, ISU Department of Economics

This research describes the potential economic impacts of a nutritionist-suggested level of fresh fruits and vegetable consumption, coupled with increased levels of local production.

PDF icon 2008-02-estimating-production-and-market-value-based-impacts-nutritional-goals-ne-iowa.pdf
December, 2005
Making the Farm / School Connection: Opportunities and Barriers to Greater Use of Locally-grown Produce in Public Schools
JoAnne Berkenkamp, Food Systems Consultant

This report, prepared for the University of Minnesota Department of Applied Economics, discusses local foods in public schools.

PDF icon 2006-01-making-farm-school-connection-opportunities-and-barriers-greater-use-locally-grown-produce-public-sc.pdf
January, 2010
A Resource Guide to Cultivate the Linn County Local Food System
The Linn/Johnson Local Food Task Force

This guide to local foods in Linn County was funded by the Regional Food Systems Working Group.

PDF icon 2010-02-resource-guide-cultivate-linn-county-local-food-system.pdf
December, 2008
High Tunnel Colored Pepper Production in 2008
Henry G. Taber, Bernard Havlovic, and Nick Howell, Iowa State University Extension

This report on colored pepper production was originally published in the 2008 Annual Progress Reports for the Horticulture Research Station (ISRF 0008-36). Learn more about the Tunnels to Tables project.

PDF icon 2009-01-high-tunnel-colored-pepper-production-2008.pdf
May, 2006
Analysis and Comparison of the Technical and Business Planning Needs of Iowa Farmers Marketing Directly to Consumers and Iowa Farmers Marketing through Supply Chains
Connie Hardy, Mary Holtz-Clause and Craig Chase, ISU Extension Value Added Agriculture Program

This report from the Regional Food Systems Working Group summarizes the marketing and business planning needs of Iowa farmers who either market directly to the end consumer or market through a supply group.

PDF icon 2006-06-analysis-and-comparison-technical-and-business-planning-needs-iowa-farmers-marketing-directly-consum.pdf
February, 2009
Pre-Feasibility Business Models for High Tunnel Production and Light Processing/Accumulation
Linda Naeve and Ray Hansen, ISU Extension Value Added Agriculture Program

This report, prepared for the March 2009 Final Report of Tunnels to Tables, explains business models for high tunnel production.

PDF icon 2009-03-pre-feasibility-business-models-high-tunnel-production-and-light-processingaccumulation.pdf
December, 2007
High Tunnel Tomato Production in 2007
Henry G. Taber, Bernard Havlovic, and Nick Howell, Iowa State University Extension

This report on tomato production was originally published in the 2007 Annual Progress Reports for the Armstrong Research and Demonstration Farm. Learn more about the Tunnels to Tables project.

PDF icon 2008-01-high-tunnel-tomato-production-2007.pdf
December, 2008
High Tunnel Pole Bean Production in 2008
Henry G. Taber, Bernard Havlovic, and Nick Howell, Iowa State University Extension

This report on pole bean production was originally published in the 2008 Annual Progress Reports for the Horticulture Research Station (ISRF 0008-36). Learn more about the Tunnels to Tables project.

PDF icon 2009-01-high-tunnel-pole-bean-production-2008.pdf
December, 2007
High Tunnel Pest Scouting Model 2007
Iowa State University Extension

This paper, originally published in an ISU Research Farm Annual Report, describes integrated pest management and sustainable pest control strategies for high tunnel production of fruits and vegetables. Learn more about the Tunnels to Tables project.

PDF icon 2008-01-high-tunnel-pest-scouting-model-2007.pdf
December, 2007
High Tunnel Pepper Production in 2007
Henry G. Taber, Bernard Havlovic, and Nick Howell, Iowa State University Extension

This report on pepper production was originally published in the 2007 Annual Progress Reports for the Armstrong Research and Demonstration Farm. Learn more about the Tunnels to Tables project.

PDF icon 2008-01-high-tunnel-pepper-production-2007.pdf
December, 2008
High Tunnel Greek Oregano Production in 2008
Linda Naeve, Ray Hansen, Lester Wilson, Sebina Squint and Leah Riesselman, Iowa State University Extension

This report on Greek Oregano's potential as an Iowa niche crop was originally published in the 2008 Annual Progress Reports for the Horticulture Research Station (ISRF 0008-36). Learn more about the Tunnels to Tables project.

PDF icon 2009-01-high-tunnel-greek-oregano-production-2008.pdf
December, 2008
High Tunnel Bramble Production in 2008
Paul Domoto, Gail Nonnecke, Bernie Havlovic, Leah Riesselman, Dave Breach, Nick Howell, Sabina Quint, and Linda Naeve, Iowa State University Extension

This report on raspberry and blackberry production was originally published in the 2008 Annual Progress Reports for the Horticulture Research Station (ISRF 0008-36). Learn more about the Tunnels to Tables project.

PDF icon 2009-01-high-tunnel-bramble-production-2008.pdf
December, 2007
High Tunnel Bramble Production in 2007
Bernie Havlovic, David Breach, Paul Domoto, and Linda Naeve, Iowa State University Extension

This report on raspberry and blackberry production was originally published in the 2007 Annual Research Reports for the Armstrong Research and Demonstration Farm. Learn more about the Tunnels to Tables project.

PDF icon 2008-01-high-tunnel-bramble-production-2007.pdf
October, 2008
Farmland Ownership and Tenure in Iowa 2007
Iowa State University Extension PM 1983

This study focuses on forms of ownership and tenancy in Iowa in 2007.

PDF icon 2008-11-farmland-ownership-and-tenure-iowa-2007.pdf
January, 2003
Economic Impact and Impacts of Continuing to Proceed as We Are Now
Neil E. Harl, ISU Department of Economics

This paper was presented at the conference, "Concentration in Agriculture: How Much, How Serious, and Why Worry?" at Iowa State University on February 4, 2003.

PDF icon 2003-02-economic-impact-and-impacts-continuing-proceed-we-are-now.pdf
August, 2006
Swine System Options for Iowa: Swedish Deep-Bedded Group Nursing Systems for Feeder Pig Production
Iowa State University Extension SA 12

Learn about deep-bedded group nursing systems for feeder pig production.

PDF icon 2006-09-swine-system-options-iowa.pdf
February, 2002
Stewards of our streams: Maintenance of riparian buffers
Iowa State University Extension PM 1626C

This publication explains how to manage and maintain riparian buffers to reduce non-point source pollution in streams.

PDF icon 2002-03-stewards-our-streams-maintenance-riparian-buffers.pdf
March, 1997
Stewards of our streams: Buffer strip design, establishment and maintenance
Iowa State University Extension PM 1626B

This publication discusses how to design, plant, and maintain a multi-species buffer strip, which is an important part of river ecosystems.

PDF icon 1997-04-stewards-our-streams-buffer-strip-design-establishment-and-maintenance.pdf
August, 2002
Stewards of our streams: Assessing the need for a riparian management system
Iowa State University Extension PM 1626D

This publication provides a list of tools and considerations to help landowners determine what kind of riparian management system is best.

PDF icon 2002-09-stewards-our-streams-assessing-need-riparian-management-system.pdf
August, 2008
Relative Emergence Sequence for Weeds of Corn and Soybeans
Iowa State University Extension SA 0011

This fact sheet presents user-friendly information on weed emergence and growth.

PDF icon 2008-09-relative-emergence-sequence-weeds-corn-and-soybeans.pdf
May, 2005
Hoop Barn Swine Production
Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

This fact sheet explains research results from the Hoop Group regarding an alternative method of swine production.

PDF icon 2005-06-hoop-barn-swine-production.pdf
February, 2005
Energy and Sustainable Agriculture
L. Hunter Lovins and Christopher Juniper, Natural Capitalism Inc.

This presentation and paper on energy and sustainable agriculture was part of the 2005 John Pesek Colloquium on Sustainable Agriculture.

PDF icon 2005-03-energy-and-sustainable-agriculture.pdf
October, 2007
Custom Grazing Survey 2007: Strategies and Implications
Iowa Beef Center

The third part of the Custom Grazing Survey discusses strategies for creating a successful custom-grazing operation.

PDF icon 2007-11-custom-grazing-survey-2007-strategies-and-implications.pdf
October, 2007
Custom Grazing Survey 2007: Stocking Rates, Fees and Services
Iowa Beef Center

The second part of the Custom Grazing Survey takes an in-depth look at stocking rates, fees and services in cow-calf operations

PDF icon 2007-11-custom-grazing-survey-2007-stocking-rates-fees-services.pdf
October, 2007
Custom Grazing Survey 2007: Demographics and Management Practices
Iowa Beef Center

This paper summarizes the results of a custom grazing survey of operations in Iowa and northern Missouri.

PDF icon 2007-11-custom-grazing-survey-2007-demographics-management-practices.pdf
October, 2008
Composting Swine Mortalities in Iowa
Iowa State University Extension PM 1917

Swine producers found that composting is a flexible and reasonably priced disposal method that can be used year-round. This offers information on facilities, equipment, procedures and regulations.

PDF icon 2008-11-composting-swine-mortalities-iowa.pdf
October, 1999
Composting Dead Livestock: A New Solution to an Old Problem
Iowa State University Extension SA 008

Learn how on-farm composting of dead livestock can save producers money and help protect the environment.

PDF icon 1999-11-composting-dead-livestock-new-solution-old-problem.pdf
December, 1999
Weed Emergence Sequences: Knowledge to guide scouting and control
Iowa State University Extension IPM 64

This poster provides information on when weeds begin to emerge in order to help determine the appropriate time to scout fields and implement control tactics. Purchase the full-sized poster from the ISU Extension Online Store.

PDF icon 2000-01-weed-emergence-sequences-knowledge-guide-scouting-and-control.pdf
May, 2004
Why Worry about the Agriculture of the Middle?
Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

This report outlines the "agriculture of the middle" sector and specific actions and policies that need to be addressed. It was prepared as a white paper of the Leopold Center with input from a number of authors.

PDF icon 2004-06-why-worry-about-agriculture-middle.pdf
April, 2006
The Economic Impacts of Increased Fruit and Vegetable Production and Consumption in Iowa: Phase II
Dave Swenson, ISU Department of Economics

This study found that 4,000 job and $302 million in sales would be added to the Iowa economy if Iowans ate five servings of fruit and vegetables every day and just 25 percent of those servings were Iowa-grown.

PDF icon 2006-05-economic-impacts-increased-fruit-and-vegetable-production-and-consumption-iowa-phase-ii.pdf
September, 2005
Spirituality in Agriculture
Fred Kirschenmann, Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

In this paper prepared for the Concord (MA) School of Philosophy, Fred Kirschenmann considers how the scientific revolution has resulted in a fragmented approach to agriculture, and the need for a systems approach that focuses on ecological relationships.

PDF icon 2005-10-spirituality-agriculture.pdf
March, 2002
How Far Do Your Fruit and Vegetables Travel?
Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

This chart and illustration show the average shipping distance for fresh fruits and vegetables at the Chicago Terminal Market, based on the Leopold Center's 2001 Food, Fuel and Freeways study.

 

PDF icon 2002-04-how-far-do-your-fruit-and-vegetables-travel.pdf
July, 2002
Grape Expectations: A Food System Perspective on Redeveloping the Iowa Grape Industry
Rich Pirog, Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

This paper looks at Iowa's once thriving grape industry and its potential today, particularly with relation to vineyards and wineries. See grant project 2003-M3.

PDF icon 2002-08-grape-expectations-food-system-perspective-redeveloping-iowa-grape-industry.pdf
August, 2004
Geographical Indicated Products in The Netherlands
Laura Mout, Wageningen University and Research Center

This paper provides an overview of how Geographical Indicated Products are defined, regulated and used for marketing in the Netherlands.

PDF icon 2004-09-geographical-indicated-products-netherlands.pdf
May, 2001
Food, Fuel, and Freeways: An Iowa perspective on how far food travels, fuel usage, and greenhouse gas emissions
Rich Pirog, Leopold Center, Timothy Van Pelt, ISU Agriculture and Biosystems Engineering, Kamyar Enshayan, University of Northern Iowa, and Ellen Cook, Leopold Center

This paper looks at possible advantages and environmental benefits of a regional and local food system compared to a conventional food system.

PDF icon 2011-06-food-fuel-and-freeways-iowa-perspective-how-far-food-travels-fuel-usage-and-greenhouse-gas-emissions.pdf
February, 2005
Calculating Food Miles for a Multiple Ingredient Food Product
Rich Pirog, Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture, and Andrew Benjamin, ISU Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering

This report details the assumptions and calculations used to estimate the food miles for a container of strawberry yogurt.

PDF icon 2005-03-calculating-food-miles-multiple-ingredient-food-product.pdf
May, 2008
Assessing Fuel Efficiency and CO2 Emissions of Two Local Food Distribution Options in Iowa
Rich Pirog, Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture, and Rebecca Rasmussen, ISU graduate student

This study looked at which method was most energy efficient: farmer delivery or customer pick-up food products for an Iowa Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) enterprise.

PDF icon 2008-06-assessing-fuel-efficiency-and-co2-emissions-two-local-food-distribution-options-iowa.pdf
September, 1999
Comparing Apples to Apples: An Iowa Perspective on Apples and Local Food Systems
Rich Pirog and John Tyndall, Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

This paper looks at Iowa's once thriving apple industry from a food system perspective.

PDF icon 1999-10-comparing-apples-apples-iowa-perspective-apples-and-local-food-systems.pdf
December, 2004
Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) in the Midwest United States: A regional characterization
Erin Tegtmeier, Experiment in Rural Cooperation, and Michael Duffy, Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

This report analyzes information from a survey of nearly 150 CSAs in nine Midwestern states.

PDF icon 2005-01-community-supported-agriculture-csa-midwest-united-states-regional-characterization.pdf
September, 2005
Consumer perceptions of place-based foods, food chain profit distribution and family farms
Thomas E. DeCarlo, ISU College of Business, Veronica Jean Franck, Drake University College of Law, and Rich Pirog, Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

Consumers who participated in this Internet survey would like to see farmers receive a higher share of the profits for retail food products. See related grant project 2004-MSP05.

PDF icon 2005-10-consumer-perceptions-place-based-foods-food-chain-profit-distribution-and-family-farms.pdf
November, 2008
A Guide to Managing Pasture Water: Streamside Buffers
Thomas Isenhart and John Kovar, Iowa State University Extension 0008-04

This guide shows how to stabilize stream and pond access to protect water quality and decrease potential of erosion. See related grant E2004-24.

PDF icon 2008-12-guide-managing-pasture-water-streamside-buffers.pdf
November, 2008
A Guide to Managing Pasture Water: Stabilized Stream and Pond Access Sites
Jim Russell and Shawn Shouse, Iowa State University Extension 0008-01

This guide shows cattle producers how they might graze streamside buffers and protect water quality. See related grant E2004-24.

PDF icon 2008-12-guide-managing-pasture-water-stabilized-stream-and-pond-access-sites.pdf
November, 2008
A Targeted Conservation Approach for Improving Environmental Quality
Iowa State University Extension PMR 1002

This color publication encourages the strategic use of trees, prairies and other perennials in key parts of the landscape in a way that will result in multiple environmental benefits while causing only a small change in overall agricultural production. It was written by the Perennializers research team based at Iowa State University.

PDF icon 2008-12-targeted-conservation-approach-improving-environmental-quality.pdf
November, 2008
A Guide to Managing Pasture Water: Off-Stream Water, Shade and Nutritional Supplementation to Modify Animal Behavior
Jim Russell, Mat Haan, and Daryl Strohbehn, Iowa State University Extension 0008-03

This quick guide shows how much and what kind of off-stream water is needed by cattle to keep them out of pasture streams. See related grant E2004-24.

PDF icon 2008-12-guide-managing-pasture-water-stream-water-shade-and-nutritional-supplementation-modify-animal-behavi.pdf
December, 2009
The Economic Impact of Fruit and Vegetable Production in Southwest Iowa Considering Local and Nearby Metropolitan Markets
Dave Swenson, ISU Department of Economics

This analysis looked at the potential economic impact on 10 counties in southwest Iowa from modest increases in consumption of locally-grown fresh produce.

PDF icon 2010-01-economic-impact-fruit-and-vegetable-production-southwest-iowa-considering-local-and-nearby-metropoli.pdf
March, 2008
Making Value Chains Work: Best Practices for Success – Workshop Proceedings
Value Chain Partnerships

Proceedings of a workshop hosted by Value Chain Partnerships and the Leopold Center about how to use communities of practice to address current issues.

PDF icon 2008-04-making-value-chains-work-best-practices-success-workshop-proceedings.pdf
June, 2003
Checking the Food Odometer: Comparing Food Miles for Local versus Conventional Produce Sales to Iowa Institutions
Rich Pirog, Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture, and Andrew Benjamin, ISU graduate student

This analysis found that locally grown produce traveled an average of 56 miles from farm to point of sale, compared to an average of 1,494 miles for 30 types of produce from conventional sources.

PDF icon 2003-07-checking-food-odometer-comparing-food-miles-local-versus-conventional-produce-sales-iowa-institution.pdf
November, 2004
Number of Commodities (crop and livestock enterprises) Produced for Sale on at least 1 percent of all Iowa Farms, 1920 to 2002
Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

This chart shows the declining level of diversity of crop and livestock produced on Iowa farms since 1920.

PDF icon 2004-12-number-commodities-crop-and-livestock-enterprises-produced-sale-least-1-percent-all-iowa-farms-selec.pdf
April, 2011
Learning about Local: A Resource Guide to Iowa Organizations and Programs Supporting Local and Regional Food Systems
Rich Pirog, Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture, and Mary Claire Geyer, ISU College of Agriculture

This is a directory of organizations, programs, funders and consultants that offer various forms of assistance for Iowa producers, processors, food retailers and communities interested in local and regional food systems.

PDF icon 2011-05-learning-about-local-resource-guide-iowa-organizations-and-programs-supporting-local-and-regional-fo.pdf
August, 2007
Consumer perceptions of the safety, health and environmental impact of various scales and geographic origin of food supply chains
Rich Pirog, Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture, and Andy Larson, MBA graduate student

This was a nationwide survey of 500 consumers and their attitudes toward food safety, local foods, health benefits and willingness to pay for foods raised with environmental attributes.

PDF icon 2007-09-consumer-perceptions-safety-health-and-environmental-impact-various-scales-and-geographic-origin-foo.pdf
March, 2005
Small and Mid-size Iowa Farmer Training Program: Marketing, Entrepreneurship and Business Planning Skills / Phase 1: Market Research
Strategic Marketing Services, University of Northern Iowa College of Business Administration

This was a survey of 400 northeast Iowa producers about their marketing, entrepreneurship and business planning skills and needs. See related grant project 2005-M06.

PDF icon 2005-04-small-and-mid-size-iowa-farmer-training-program-marketing-entrepreneurship-and-business-planning-ski.pdf
December, 2004
Examining Awareness of and Support of Regional Food Systems in Iowa: Establishing a baseline of consumer knowledge about regional food systems and communication preferences
Kay M. Palan, Regional Food Systems Working Group

This study included focus groups and telephone surveys of Iowans about their understanding and knowledge of regional food systems and related concepts.

PDF icon 2005-01-examining-awareness-and-support-regional-food-systems-iowa-establishing-baseline-consumer-knowledge-.pdf
October, 2003
Ecolabel Value Assessment: Consumer and Food Business Perceptions of Local Foods
Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture and ISU Business Analysis Laboratory

This survey of 1,600 consumers in Iowa, the Midwest and metro areas on the East and West coasts showed preference for the term locally grown and family farms.

PDF icon 2003-11-ecolabel-value-assessment-consumer-and-food-business-perceptions-local-foods.pdf
April, 2004
Ecolabel Value Assessment Phase II: Consumer Perceptions of Local Foods
Rich Pirog, Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture, with the ISU Business Analysis Laboratory

This study looked at the positive role that ecolabels could have in product promotion among consumers, and their willingness to pay 30 percent more for locally grown products with environmental attributes.

PDF icon 2004-05-ecolabel-value-assessment-phase-ii-consumer-perceptions-local-foods.pdf
April, 2005
Consumers, Vendors, and the Economic Importance of Iowa Farmers’ Markets: An Economic Impact Survey Analysis
Daniel Otto, ISU Department of Economics, and Theresa Varner, ISU graduate student, funded by the Regional Food Systems Working Group

This analysis found that Iowa's 160 farmers' markets attracted at least 135,000 people and generated $20 million for the Iowa economy in 2004.

PDF icon 2005-05-consumers-vendors-and-economic-importance-iowa-farmers-markets-economic-impact-survey-analysis.pdf
January, 2004
Consumer Perceptions of Pasture-raised Beef and Dairy Products: An Internet Consumer Study
Rich Pirog, Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture, with the ISU Business Analysis Laboratory

Consumers in Iowa and nearby metropolitan areas were surveyed about their awareness and attitudes about pastured-raised beef and dairy products and whether there were perceived health benefits.

PDF icon 2004-02-consumer-perceptions-pasture-raised-beef-and-dairy-products-internet-consumer-study.pdf
September, 2004
A Geography of Taste: Iowa’s Potential for Developing Place-Based and Traditional Foods
Rich Pirog, Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture, and Zach Paskiet, ISU College of Business undergraduate

This study explores Iowa's unique food history and culture, with maps showing historical concentrations of various crops and potential for promoting place-based food products.

PDF icon 2004-10-geography-taste-iowas-potential-developing-place-based-and-traditional-foods.pdf
January, 2006
Iowa Fruit and Vegetable Production Budgets
Craig Chase, Iowa State University Extension

This fact sheet offers estimated costs/returns for 14 different fruit and vegetable crops in Iowa, complementing Ag Decision Maker spreadsheets A1-17.

PDF icon 2006-02-iowa-vegetable-production-budgets.pdf
February, 2008
Buying Local Foods for Retail Foodservices
Iowa State University Extension PM 2047

This brochure outlines local food benefits, general guidelines and regulations. See related grant project M2007-36.

PDF icon 2008-03-buying-local-foods-retail-foodservices.pdf
May, 2010
What Producers Should Know About Selling to Local Foodservice Markets
Iowa State University Extension PM 2045

This brochure offers basic information for farmers about selling products directly to foodservice markets. See related grant project M2007-36.

PDF icon 2010-06-what-producers-should-know-about-selling-local-foodservice-markets.pdf
May, 2010
What Retail Foodservices Should Know When Purchasing Local Produce Directly from Farmers
Iowa State University Extension PM 2046

This brochure offers basic information about purchasing food directly from farmer. See related grant project M2007-36.

PDF icon 2010-06-what-retail-foodservices-should-know-when-purchasing-local-produce-directly-farmers.pdf
February, 2008
Understanding National Food Supply Chains: Sausage Products
Sue DeBlieck and Randy Boeckenstedt, Center for Transportation Resesarch and Education

This is a brief look at national sales and consumption of sausage products.

PDF icon 2008-03-understanding-national-food-supply-chains-sausage-products.pdf
January, 2008
Understanding National Food Supply Chains: Frozen Fruits and Vegetables
Sue DeBlieck and Randy Boeckenstedt, Center for Transportation Resesarch and Education

This is a brief look at national sales and consumption of frozen fruit and vegetables.

PDF icon 2008-02-understanding-national-food-supply-chains-frozen-fruits-and-vegetables.pdf
November, 2007
Understanding National Food Supply Chains: Fresh Cut Pork
Sue DeBlieck and Randy Boeckenstedt, Center for Transportation Resesarch and Education

This is a brief look at national sales and consumption of fresh pork.

PDF icon 2007-12-understanding-national-food-supply-chains-fresh-cut-pork.pdf
September, 2004
On-farm Food Safety: Guide to Good Agricultural Practices (GAPs)
Iowa State University Extension PM 1974A

This publication provides a brief introduction to Good Agricultural Practices related to food safety. See grant project 2004-MSP1.

PDF icon 2004-10-farm-food-safety-guide-good-agricultural-practices-gaps.pdf
December, 2010
On-farm Food Safety: Food Handling Guide
Iowa State University Extension PM 1974B

This publication has an easy checklist for farmers to follow from pre-production to post-harvest packing and transportation to increase food product safety on the farm. See related grant project M2010-14.

PDF icon 2011-01-farm-food-safety-food-handling-guide.pdf
March, 2013
On-farm Food Safety: Cleaning and Sanitizing Guide
Iowa State University Extension PM 1974C

This publication focuses on the the best cleaning and sanitizing practices to improve produce quality and food safety on the farm. See related grant project M2010-14.

PDF icon 2013-04-farm-food-safety-cleaning-and-sanitizing-guide.pdf
September, 2004
Muscatine Melon: A Case Study of a Place-based Food in Iowa
Susan Futrell, One Backyard Consulting, and Craig Chase, ISU Extension Farm Management

This special project of the Leopold Center's Marketing and Food Systems Initiative (2004-MSP09) looks at the 120-year history of melon production in southeast Iowa and potential for promotion.

PDF icon 2004-10-muscatine-melon-case-study-place-based-food-iowa.pdf
August, 2002
Exploring Community Food Systems in Marshall County
ISU Department of Sociology

This food system atlas maps opportunities and challenges for building a community food system in Marshall County, Iowa. See grant project 2000-69.

PDF icon 2002-09-exploring-community-food-systems-marshall-county.pdf
August, 2002
Exploring Community Food Systems in Johnson County
ISU Department of Sociology

This food system atlas maps opportunities and challenges for building a community food system in Johnson County, Iowa. See grant project 2000-69.

PDF icon 2002-09-exploring-community-food-systems-johnson-county.pdf
August, 2002
Exploring Community Food Systems in Benton County
ISU Department of Sociology

This food system atlas maps opportunities and challenges for building a community food system in Benton County, Iowa. See grant project 2000-69.

PDF icon 2002-09-exploring-community-food-systems-benton-county.pdf
August, 2002
Exploring Community Food Systems in Audubon County
ISU Department of Sociology

This food system atlas maps opportunities and challenges for building a community food system in Audubon County, Iowa. See grant project 2000-69.

PDF icon 2002-09-exploring-community-food-systems-audubon-county.pdf
August, 2008
Food, Fuel and the Future: Consumer Perceptions of Local Food, Food Safety and Climate Change in the Context of Rising Prices
Rich Pirog, Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture, and Rebecca Rasmussen, ISU graduate student

This was a nationwide survey of 750 consumers that showed increasing concern about environmental impacts and safety of the food supply.

PDF icon 2008-09-food-fuel-and-future-consumer-perceptions-local-food-food-safety-and-climate-change-context-rising-p.pdf
May, 2009
Understanding Common Terms Used in Discussions about Climate Change and Agriculture
Rich Pirog, Associate Director, Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture, and Rebecca Rasmussen, Iowa State University graduate student

Glossary of climate change terms with definitions, sources and links for more information following each term.

PDF icon 2009-06-understanding-common-terms-used-discussions-about-climate-change-and-aqriculture.pdf
November, 2009
Is Local Food More Expensive? A Consumer Price Perspective on Local and Non-local Foods Purchased in Iowa
Rich Pirog, Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture, and Nick McCann, Iowa State University graduate student

Is local food more expensive than its non-local counterpart? The Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture’s Marketing and Food Systems Initiative conducted consumer market research in June, July, and August 2009 to examine what Iowa consumers pay for locally grown products and how these prices compare to non-local market channel prices. This handout explains the comparisons [PDF]  Read news release about this project.

PDF icon 2009-12-local-food-more-expensice-consumer-price-perspective-local-and-non-local-foods-purchased-iowa.pdf
December, 2009
Investigating the Potential Economic Impacts of Local Foods for Southeast Iowa
Dave Swenson, ISU Department of Economics

This study evaluates regional economic impact gains that might accrue if the region were to increase its fresh fruit and vegetable production to accommodate local or regional demand. The region studied includes rural areas, yet it is influenced by nearby metropolitan centers, which also serve as potential markets. See related grant project M2009-07.

PDF icon 2010-01-investigating-potential-economic-impacts-local-foods-southeast-iowa.pdf
February, 2010
Selected Measures of the Economic Values of Increased Fruit and Vegetable Production and Consumption in the Upper Midwest
Dave Swenson, ISU Department of Economics

This research considers the potential statewide and regional economic values that might accumulate to farmers and regional economies if there was an increase in the production of 28 types of fresh fruits and vegetables for local consumption. See related grant project M2009-07.

PDF icon 2010-03-selected-measures-economic-values-increased-fruit-and-vegetable-production-and-consumption-upper-mid.pdf
March, 2011
Measuring the Economic Impacts of Increased Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Production in Iowa Considering Metropolitan Demand
Dave Swenson, ISU Department of Economics

This study looks at the number of jobs that would be created and acres needed for Iowa farmers to provide more fresh fruit for Iowa's nine metropolitan areas (populations over 50,000).

PDF icon 2011-04-measuring-economic-impacts-increased-fresh-fruit-and-vegetable-production-iowa-considering-metropoli.pdf
March, 2011
Exploring Small-Scale Meat Processing Expansions in Iowa
Dave Swenson, ISU Department of Economics

This study looks at the productivity and regional economic impacts of Iowa's small meat processors and the potential gains for rural communities if these processors could expand to fill markets for niche products.

PDF icon 2011-04-exploring-small-scale-meat-processing-expansions-iowa.pdf
September, 2010
Alternative Enterprise Budget: Christmas trees
Iowa State University Extension BFC 23

This fact sheet is a special project of the Leopold Center Policy Initiative and ISU Beginning Farmer Center. It is designed to give producers an idea about alternative enterprises that might work in their operation with regard to level of knowledge, capital and other factors.

PDF icon 2010-10-alternative-enterprise-budget-christmas-trees.pdf
September, 2010
Alternative Enterprise Budget: Dairy Goats
Iowa State University Extension BFC 21

This fact sheet is a special project of the Leopold Center Policy Initiative and ISU Beginning Farmer Center. It is designed to give producers an idea about alternative enterprises that might work in their operation with regard to level of knowledge, capital and other factors.

PDF icon 2010-10-alternative-enterprise-budget-dairy-goats.pdf
February, 2010
Alternative Enterprise Budget: Sweet Corn
Iowa State University Extension BFC 20

This fact sheet is a special project of the Leopold Center Policy Initiative and ISU Beginning Farmer Center. It is designed to give producers an idea about alternative enterprises that might work in their operation with regard to level of knowledge, capital and other factors.

PDF icon 2010-03-alternative-enterprise-budget-sweet-corn.pdf
February, 2010
Alternative Enterprise Budget: Sorghum
Iowa State University Extension BFC 19

This fact sheet is a special project of the Leopold Center Policy Initiative and ISU Beginning Farmer Center. It is designed to give producers an idea about alternative enterprises that might work in their operation with regard to level of knowledge, capital and other factors.

PDF icon 2010-03-alternative-enterprise-budget-sorghum.pdf
February, 2010
Alternative Enterprise Budget: Sheep
Iowa State University Extension BFC 18

This fact sheet is a special project of the Leopold Center Policy Initiative and ISU Beginning Farmer Center. It is designed to give producers an idea about alternative enterprises that might work in their operation with regard to level of knowledge, capital and other factors.

PDF icon 2010-03-alternative-enterprise-budget-sheep.pdf
February, 2010
Alternative Enterprise Budget: Beekeeping
Iowa State University Extension BFC 17

This fact sheet is a special project of the Leopold Center Policy Initiative and ISU Beginning Farmer Center. It is designed to give producers an idea about alternative enterprises that might work in their operation with regard to level of knowledge, capital and other factors.

PDF icon 2010-03-alternative-enterprise-budget-beekeeping.pdf
September, 2010
Alternative Enterprise Budget: Raspberries
Iowa State University Extension BFC 22

This fact sheet is a special project of the Leopold Center Policy Initiative and ISU Beginning Farmer Center. It is designed to give producers an idea about alternative enterprises that might work in their operation with regard to level of knowledge, capital and other factors.

PDF icon 2010-10-alternative-enterprise-budget-raspberries.pdf
February, 2010
Alternative Enterprise Budget: Popcorn
Iowa State University Extension BFC 16

This fact sheet is a special project of the Leopold Center Policy Initiative and ISU Beginning Farmer Center. It is designed to give producers an idea about alternative enterprises that might work in their operation with regard to level of knowledge, capital and other factors.

PDF icon 2010-03-alternative-enterprise-budget-popcorn.pdf